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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
https://doi.org/10.11606/T.2.2018.tde-08092020-014911
Document
Author
Full name
Flavio Augusto Saraiva Straus
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Almeida, Guilherme Assis de (President)
Garcia, Maria
Casella, Paulo Borba
Ramos, André de Carvalho
Rodrigues, Gilberto Marcos Antonio
Zapater, Maíra Cardoso
Title in Portuguese
Cláusula Democrática e Direitos Humanos
Keywords in Portuguese
Cláusula democrática
Defesa
Democracia
Devido processo legal
Direitos humanos
Eficácia política
Integração regional
Mercosul
União Europeia
Via judicial
Abstract in Portuguese
O problema central do presente trabalho é a verificação do grau de eficácia das vias política e/ou jurisdicional (e esta contenciosa ou consultiva) de aplicação das cláusulas democráticas de tratados de integração econômica regional na proteção de Direitos Humanos, entendida como prevenção ou reparação de graves violações de Direitos Humanos, aqui especificamente observados a manutenção da Democracia, em si mesma considerada um Direito Humano fundamental, e/ou os Direitos ao Devido Processo Legal, ao Contraditório e à Ampla Defesa, aqui denominados, em conjunto, de "Direito de Defesa", especialmente no âmbito dos protocolos ao Tratado Constitutivo do Mercosul e de seu acordo com a União Europeia para formação de uma zona de livre comércio, dependendo do contexto político existente na ocasião, dentro de cada organização regional considerada, favorável ou não à garantia dos referidos Direitos Humanos, independentemente de quaisquer interesses políticos ou econômicos dos Estados Membros de cada organização, estudando-se casos concretos ou potenciais de aplicação daquela cláusula democrática ocorridos no Paraguai, na Áustria, na Venezuela e no Brasil.
Title in English
Democratic Clause and Humanos Rights
Keywords in English
Defense
Democracy
Democratic clause
Due proccess of law
European Union
Human rights
Judicial way
Mercosur
Political effectiveness
Regional integration
Abstract in English
The central problem of the present work is the verification of the degree of effectiveness of the political and / or judicial (and this last one contentious or advisory) way of applying the democratic clauses of regional economic integration treaties in the protection of Human Rights, understood as prevention or reparation of grave violations of Human Rights, specifically observing the maintenance of Democracy, which in itself is considered a fundamental Human Right, and / or the Rights to Due Legal Process, Contradictory and Broad Defense, hereinafter collectively referred to as "Right of Defense", especially in the framework of the protocols to the Mercosur Treaty and its agreement with the European Union to establish a free trade area, depending on the political context existing at the time, within each regional organization considered, favorable or not to the guarantee of Human Rights, regardless of any political or economic interests of the Member States of each organization, by studying actual or potential cases of application of that democratic clause occurred in Paraguay, Austria, Venezuela and Brazil.
 
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Release Date
2022-09-08
Publishing Date
2020-11-17
 
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