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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
https://doi.org/10.11606/T.16.2020.tde-24042021-220100
Document
Author
Full name
Cristiani Pansonato Guessi Balieiro
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2020
Supervisor
Committee
Cesar, João Carlos de Oliveira (President)
Bortolli Junior, Oreste
Fialho, Roberto Novelli
Giannotti, Marco Garaude
Sanches, Debora
Title in Portuguese
Cor e arquitetura: um encontro inevitável.
Keywords in Portuguese
Cor na arquitetura
Le Corbusier
Levantamento cromático
Luis Barragán
Pritzker
Abstract in Portuguese
Esta pesquisa apresenta a aproximação à produção da arquitetura moderna e contemporânea com o enfoque na cromaticidade e busca, portanto, entender os princípios adotados pelos arquitetos na definição e uso da cor no projeto de arquitetura. O objetivo foi o de compreender os processos de desenvolvimento cromático nos projetos, seus resultados e desdobramentos, que levam a uma identidade cromática. De natureza mista, a investigação às obras arquitetônicas foi realizada tendo duas principais abordagens: em um primeiro momento, qualitativa e exploratória, considerando a experiência do percurso pelas obras para a obtenção da vivência do espaço e a percepção da cromaticidade e então, em um segundo momento, uma abordagem quantitativa, considerando a aferição executada através do levantamento cromático, realizados presencialmente e utilizando um conjunto de materiais técnicos para notação e registro das cores. Como recorte metodológico, a pesquisa partiu da análise cromática presentes nas obras dos arquitetos laureados pelo The Pritzker Architecture Prize, por ordem de premiação: 1988 - Oscar Niemeyer, 1989 - Frank Gehry, 1996 - Rafael Moneo, 2006 - Paulo Mendes da Rocha e 2008 - Jean Nouvel. O segundo arquiteto premiado na história do The Pritzker Architecture Prize, no ano de 1980, foi Luis Barragán, que foi amplamente explorado nesta pesquisa, a qual encontrou também em Le Corbusier uma profusa produção cromática. Ambos, Barragán e Le Corbusier, foram grandes pesquisadores e adeptos da policromia na arquitetura e, desta forma, suas produções colaboraram de maneira fundamental com esta pesquisa, que se aprofundou em seus princípios teóricos e práticos, quanto ao uso da cor. A análise das cores aferidas nas obras destes arquitetos permitiu vislumbrar múltiplos cenários sobre os processos de escolha que definiram o uso da cor no desenvolvimento do projeto arquitetônico, realizado de forma sistêmica e não aleatória. Os resultados obtidos dos levantamentos cromáticos foram compilados em registros gráficos organizados em fichas cromáticas e apresentam as paletas de cores dos arquitetos investigados, destacando seus atributos técnicos e estéticos, e permitindo a observação e apuração da identidade cromática dos autores das obras avaliadas.
Title in English
Color and architecture: an inevitable meeting.
Keywords in English
Color check
Colour in architecture
Le Corbusier
Luis Barragán
Pritzker
Abstract in English
This research presents an approximation to the modern and contemporary architecture production, focusing on chromaticity and, therefore attempting to understand the main fundamentals adopted by the architects in the definition and use of color on architecture projects. Its goal was to understand the processes of the chromatic development in the projects, its results and unfolding, leading to a chromatic identity. Being one of a mixed nature, the investigation of the architectural works was made using two main approaches: primarily it was qualitative and exploitative, taking into account the experience of going through the buildings to obtain the perception of the space and the chromaticity; then, in a second moment, a quantitative approach was taken, considering the color check data, collected and conducted onsite while making use of materials meant for rating and registering colors. As a methodological outlining, the research started from the chromatic analysis found on the works of the architects crowned by The Pritzker Architecture Prize, following a chronological order: 1988 - Oscar Niemeyer, 1989 - Frank Gehry, 1996 - Rafael Moneo, 2006 - Paulo Mendes da Rocha and 2008 - Jean Nouvel. The second architect awarded in the history of The Pritzker Architecture Prize, in 1980, was Luis Barragán, who was densely studied in this research, which also found a profuse chromatic production in Le Corbusier. Both Barragán and Le Corbusier were great researchers and supporters of the polychrome in architecture and, thus, their productions collaborated fundamentally to this research, which deepened their main theoretical and practical tenets as for using color in their projects. The analysis of the colors on these architects' work provided the possibility to glimpse on multiple scenarios concerning the choosing processes that defined the use of color in the development of the architectural project, executed systemically rather than randomly. The results achieved through the color check data were assembled in graphic registers and organized in files; it also presents the color palettes of the investigated architects, highlighting their technical and aesthetical attributes, and allowing the observation and the verification of the chromatic identity of the authors' work considered.
 
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Publishing Date
2021-05-23
 
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