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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.99.2018.tde-26042018-115451
Document
Author
Full name
Luiz Henrique da Silva Nali
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Romano, Camila Malta (President)
Levi, José Eduardo
Okay, Thelma Suely
Oliveira, Enedina Maria Lobato de
Santos, Leonilda Maria Barbosa dos
Title in Portuguese
Perfil da expressão dos retroví­rus endógenos humanos da famí­lia W em pacientes com esclerose múltipla
Keywords in Portuguese
Esclerose múltipla
Retroviridae
Sequenciamento genético
Transcrição gênica
Abstract in Portuguese
Introdução: A Esclerose Múltipla (EM) é uma doença autoimune desmielinizante que afeta drasticamente a capacidade motora, cognitiva, e sensitiva dos pacientes. Acreditase que o Retrovírus Endógeno Humano da família W (HERV-W) possa ter um papel na patogênese da doença. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar o transcriptoma desses indivíduos, e analisar os loci do HERV-W diferencialmente ativos. Materiais e Métodos: PBMC e soro de pacientes com EM em surto (GS), em condições avançadas (GA) e indivíduos saudáveis (GC) foram coletadas. Amplicons de envelope de HERV-W foram sequenciados em Ion Torrent e o RNAm foi sequenciado na plataforma Illumina HiSeq2500. Além da análise do HERV-W, análises de interação gênica foram feitas e citocinas inflamatórias e quimiocinas foram testadas. Resultados: Foram analisados 23 indivíduos com EM (16 GS e 7 GA) e 36 do GC. Os pacientes com EM apresentam 3x mais expressão de HERV-W do que os indivíduos controle. O sequenciamento de amplicon revelou que os grupos com EM apresentavam mais loci ativos do que o GC. Apesar limitações decorrentes de variações entre corridas, o transcriptoma demonstrou que o HERV-K11 era diferencialmente expresso no GS, e no GA, 19 HERVs estavam diferencialmente expressos. Loci novos e já descritos como ativos em outros estudos foram encontrados no presente trabalho. O perfil de interação gênica do GS demonstrou um caráter inflamatório, confirmados pela dosagem de citocinas, onde IL-6, IL-1?, TNF-?, IFN-? estavam elevadas nos indivíduos do GS. Já os indivíduos do GA apresentavam um perfil não inflamatório com vias de reparo neuronal inativadas. Conclusões: Os pacientes com EM apresentam maior nível de expressão e maior diversidade de expressão de HERV-W do que o GC. Apesar os perfis semelhantes de expressão, há loci diferencialmente expressos dependente do grupo estudado. Os pacientes com EM apresentam perfis distintos de expressão gênica onde os indivíduos GS apresentam um perfil inflamatório e no GA, um perfil neurodegenerativo.
Title in English
Profile of human endogenous retroviruses W family expression in Multiple Sclerosis patients
Keywords in English
Genetic sequencing
Genic transcription
Multiple sclerosis
Retroviridae
Abstract in English
Introduction: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease which drastically affects motor, cognitive and sensitive capability of the patients. It seems that Human Endogenous Retrovirus W family (HERV-W) may play a role in MS pathogenesis. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the transcriptome of these individuals and to analyze the HERV-W loci differentially expressed. Materials and Methods: PBMC and serum samples were collected from MS patients in relapsing conditions (GS), MS patients in advanced conditions (GA) and healthy individuals (GC). HERV-W Env amplicon was sequenced in Ion Torrent and mRNA was sequenced in illumina HISeq2500 platform. Besides HERV-W analysis, genic pathways analysis was performed and inflammatory cytokines and chemokines were tested. Results: A total of 23 MS patients (16 from GS and 7 from GA) and 36 from GC were enrolled in the study. MS patients presented 3-fold higher expression than healthy individuals. Amplicon sequencing revealed that MS groups presented more active loci than GC. Despite the limitations due to variations between sequencing runs, the transcriptome revealed that HERV-K11 was differentially expressed in GS, and 19 HERVs were differentially expressed in GA. New HERV-W loci and other loci that were reported as active loci previously are described here. The genic pathway analysis revealed that individuals from GS presented an inflammatory profile, also confirmed by cytokines dosage, where IL-6, IL-1?, TNF-?, IFN-? were significantly higher in GS. In the other hand, individuals from GA presented a non inflammatory profile with neuronal repair pathways inactivated Conclusions: MS patients present higher level and diversity of HERV-W expression than GC. Regardless the similar profile of HERV-W expression in MS groups, there are differentially expressed HERV-W loci depending of each MS group. MS patients present distinct genic expression profile, where GS presented an inflammatory pathway with vascular permeability, whereas GA presented a neurodegenerative profile
 
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Publishing Date
2018-04-27
 
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