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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.97.2017.tde-29032017-103815
Document
Author
Full name
Karen Monique da Silva Palma
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Lorena, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Barboza, Miguel Justino Ribeiro (President)
Eleno, Luiz Tadeu Fernandes
Marcomini, José Benedito
Torres, Marcelo Augusto Santos
Title in Portuguese
Estudo do efeito da nitretação na resistência à fluência do titânio grau 2
Keywords in Portuguese
Fluência; Nitretação; Titânio grau 2; Caracterização; Propriedades Mecânicas
Abstract in Portuguese
Titânio e suas ligas são materiais estruturais atrativos para várias aplicações em engenharia devido a alta resistência específica, boa resistência a corrosão e alto ponto de fusão. Em particular, o titânio grau 2 exerce um importante papel nas industrias automotivas e aeroespaciais. Entretanto, a afinidade com o oxigênio e a baixa resistência ao desgaste são fatores que limitam a aplicação destas ligas como materiais estruturais em altas temperaturas. Os tratamentos termoquímicos tem sido uma eficiente alternativa para melhorar as propriedades tribológicas e o comportamento mecânico desta classe de ligas. Neste contexto, o principal objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito da nitretação a gás na resistência a fluência do titânio grau 2. A nitretação foi realizada a 850ºC por um período de 9 h. As amostras foram caracterizadas por medidas de dureza e rugosidade, análises metalográficas e difração de raios X. Testes de curta duração foram realizados sob carga constante a 500ºC. A nitretação gerou uma camada com Ti2N and TiN, espessura de 4,5 ?m com dureza de 1125± 82,26 HV. A nitretação aumentou em 60% a rugosidade superficial. As propriedades em fluência foram significativamente melhoradas pela nitretação. Os testes mostraram que a nitretação reduziu a taxa de fluência estacionária e aumentou o tempo de vida. Com base nos valores do expoente de tensão, o mecanismo predominante foi controlado por escalagem de discordâncias. Após a nitretação do titânio, observou-se um amento do parâmetro de tolerância ao dano. As análises fractográficas revelaram que os mecanismos de fratura foram associados à nucleação e coalescimento de microcavidades.
Title in English
Study of the effect of nitriding on the creep resistance of titanium grade 2
Keywords in English
Creep; Nitriding; Titanium grade 2; Characterization; Mechanical Proprierties
Abstract in English
Titanium and its alloys are attractive structural materials for various engineering applications due to its high specific resistance, good corrosion resistance and high melting point. In particular, titanium grade 2 plays an important role in the automotive and aerospace industries. However, the affinity of titanium for oxygen and low wear resistance are factors that limit the application of titanium alloys as structural materials at high temperatures. The thermochemical treatments has been an efficient alternative for improving the tribological conditions and the mechanical behavior of these alloys. In this context, the main objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of gas nitriding on the creep resistance of titanium grade 2. The gas nitriding was performed at 850ºC during 9h. The samples were characterized using hardness and roughness measurements, metallographic analysis and Xray diffraction. Short-term creep tests were performed under constant tensile load in air at 500ºC.The nitriding treatment produced a layer compound layer of Ti2N and TiN, thickness of 4,5 µm and hardness of 1125± 82,26 HV. There was a 60% increase in the average roughness after nitriding. The creep properties of nitrided specimens were significantly improved in comparison with those of unnitrided Ti.The tests showed that the nitriding reduced the steady-state creep and increased the creep life. Based on the values of stress exponent, it was estimated that the dominant creep mechanism was controlled by dislocation climb. There was an increase in the damage tolerance after nitriding of titanium. The failure analysis revealed that the fracture mechanisms were associated with the nucleation and coalescence of microvoids.
 
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EMD16011_O.pdf (2.64 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2017-03-29
 
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