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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.97.2016.tde-13092016-104249
Document
Author
Full name
Paulo Marcelo Mota Nascimento
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Lorena, 2015
Supervisor
Committee
Felipe, Maria das Graças de Almeida (President)
Pessoa Junior, Adalberto
Prata, Arnaldo Márcio Ramalho
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação da tolerância das leveduras xilanolíticas isoladas da Antártica ao hidrolisado hemicelulósico de bagaço de cana de açúcar visando à utilização de pentoses
Keywords in Portuguese
Antártica
Hidrolisado hemicelulósico de bagaço de cana
Leveduras xilanolíticas
Tóxicos
Xilitol
Abstract in Portuguese
Microrganismos oriundos de ecossistemas restritivos como o continente Antártico têm despertado grande interesse científico, visto que pesquisas podem resultar em produtos de grande interesse comercial. Visando o melhor aproveitamento da fração hemicelulósica de biomassas vegetais para obtenção de bioprodutos, junto ao potencial biotecnológico das leveduras da Antártica, a presente pesquisa avaliou a tolerância destas ao hidrolisado hemicelulósico de bagaço de cana em função de sua concentração, bem como em meio semi-definido. A avaliação das leveduras Cryptococcus laurentii (L62), Cryptococcus adeliensis (L95), Candida davisiana (L101 e 107) e Guehomyces pullulans (L109) foi feita a partir do consumo de xilose, glicose, arabinose, ácido acético, compostos fenólicos totais, produção de xilitol, células e pigmentos. Os cultivos foram realizados em Erlenmeyer de 125 mL, com 50 mL de meio a 200 RPM, a 30 °C por 48h. Considerando que a L109 demonstrou melhor desempenho quanto ao consumo de xilose e produção de xilitol do que as demais leveduras, a mesma foi utilizada para avaliar a influência da suplementação nutricional do hidrolisado sobre estes parâmetros utilizando delineamento composto central rotacional (DCCR). Todas as leveduras consumiram totalmente a glicose independente da concentração do hidrolisado, enquanto o consumo de xilose, arabinose, ácido acético e fenóis totais variaram de acordo com a concentração do hidrolisado e a levedura empregada, da mesma forma para produção de xilitol, células e pigmento. O planejamento realizado (DCCR) demonstrou que o consumo de xilose é favorecido na máxima concentração do extrato de farelo de arroz, e níveis intermediários de (NH4)2SO4, enquanto que a concentração de CaCl2 não foi significativa. Para o fator Yp/s de xilitol, baixos níveis de extrato de farelo de arroz e CaCl2 aumentaram este fator enquanto que o (NH4)2SO4 favoreceu em níveis intermediários. Conclui-se com estes resultados que as leveduras da Antártica são capazes de tolerar o hidrolisado, sendo capazes também de consumir os compostos tóxicos, ácido acético e fenólicos totais.
Title in English
Tolerance evaluation of xylanolytic yeasts isolated from Antarctica to sugarcane bagasse hemicellulosic hydrolysate aiming to use pentose
Keywords in English
Antarctica
Sugar cane hemicellulosic hydrolyzate
Toxics
Xylanolytic yeasts
Xylitol
Abstract in English
Microorganisms from restrictive ecosystems such as Antarctica have aroused great scientific interest, since research studies may result in high value-added products. Given the need for better utilization of the hemicellulose fraction of biomass to obtain bioproducts, coupled with great biotechnological potential of the Antarctic yeast. This research evaluated the tolerance of these yeasts related to the hemicellulosic hydrolyzate from sugarcane bagasse at different concentrations, as well as in a semi-defined medium. Performance evaluation of the yeasts was based on consumption of xylose, glucose, arabinose, acetic acid, phenolics compounds, production of xylitol, cells and pigments. The following yeasts were employed: Cryptococcus laurentii (L62), Cryptococcus adeliensis (L95), Candida davisiana (L101 and 107) and Guehomyces pullulans (L109). Cultures were cultivated in 125 mL Erlenmeyer flasks with a 50 mL medium at 200 RPM and 30 °C for 48h. Since the L109 showed a better performance in relation to the xylose consumption and xylitol production than the other yeasts when cultivated in hemicellulosic hydrolyzate diluted with 25% distilled water, the same was used to evaluate the influence of nutritional supplementation of the hemicelulosic hydrolyzate utilizing central composite rotational design (CCRD). All yeasts completely consumed glucose regardless of the hemicelulosic hydrolyzate concentration; while the consumption of xylose, arabinose, acetic acid and phenolics varied according to the concentration of hydrolyzate and yeast employed, the same was observed with xylitol production, cells and pigment. The design (CCRD), demonstrated that the xylose consumption was favored by maximum the concentration of the rice bran extract, and intermediate levels of (NH4)2SO4, whereas the concentration of CaCl2 was not significant. For the conversion into xylitol, low levels of rice bran extract and CaCl2 increased YP/S, while (NH4)2SO4 favored at intermediate levels. It was concluded that the Antarctic yeast tolerate the hydrolyzed, being also able to consume toxic compounds such as acetic acid and phenolic compounds.
 
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Publishing Date
2016-09-13
 
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