• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.97.2016.tde-14092016-173115
Document
Author
Full name
Maria Fernanda Benitez Eriz
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Lorena, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Ferraz, André Luiz (President)
Milagres, Adriane Maria Ferreira
Squina, Fabio Marcio
Title in Portuguese
Atividade hidrolítica de extratos enzimáticos obtidos a partir de Gloeophyllum trabeum associada a substratos celulósicos oxidados
Keywords in Portuguese
Celulases
Celulose
Fungos de decomposição
Oxidação
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar se as enzimas secretadas pelo fungo de decomposição parda Gloeophyllum trabeum podem atuar como auxiliares às celulases comerciais na hidrólise de substratos celulósicos oxidados. Para isto foi realizada a oxidação de celulose microcristalina Avicel mediante reação de Fenton (Fe+2, H2O2) e tratamento com CuSO4. O substrato oxidado foi caracterizado e posteriormente foi determinado o efeito desta modificação sobre a eficiência hidrolítica de enzimas comerciais (Celluclast/Novozym) e sobre misturas destas enzimas comerciais suplementadas com extrato enzimático obtido de G. trabeum. As reações realizadas com Avicel indicaram que ambos tratamentos químicos foram efetivos para modificar grupos funcionais presentes na celulose. A caracterização fisicoquímica dos substratos oxidados permitiu concluir que o tratamento Fenton gerou transformações mais intensas na celulose do que o tratamento com CuSO4. O análise dos hidrolisados ácidos das amostras oxidadas por Fenton mediante espectrometria de massas (GC-MS) confirmou que a oxidação ocorre principalmente no C1. As hidrólises enzimáticas utilizando preparações com diferentes cargas das enzimas comerciais apresentaram uma diminuição significativa da conversão de celulose quando as amostras são tratadas com o reagente Fenton. Por outro lado, a celulose oxidada gerada pelo tratamento com CuSO4 ainda é eficientemente hidrolisada pelas enzimas. As duas amostras de celulose Avicel oxidadas também foi hidrolisada utilizando misturas de enzimas comerciais e extratos enzimáticos de G. trabeum. Em todas as condições ensaiadas a suplementação da mistura reacional com extratos enzimáticos do fungo de decomposição parda G. trabeum diminuíram a eficiência de hidrólise enzimática da celulose oxidada. O emprego do dobro de carga enzimática de enzimas comerciais permitiu recuperar os níveis de hidrólise observados na celulose in natura.
Title in English
Hydrolytic activity of enzymatic extracts from Gloeophyllum trabeum associated with oxidized cellulosic substrates
Keywords in English
Brown-rot fungi
Cellulases
Oxidation
Oxidized Cellulose
Abstract in English
The goal of this work was to evaluate whether enzymes produced by the brown-rot fungus Gleophyllum trabeum would be able to act as auxiliary enzymes of commercial cellulases during the enzymatic hydrolysis of oxidized cellulose. To reach this goal an oxidation of microcrystalline-cellulose (Avicel) was performed by two differente reaction systems: Fenton reaction (Fe2+, H2O2) or CuSO4 treatments. The oxidized subtracts were characterized and the effect of cellulose modification on the hydrolytic efficiency of commercial enzymes, supplemented or not with the enzymes recovered from a G. trabeum culture, was determined. The Avicel treatment by the oxidative systems resulted in cellulose structural changes as evidenced by infrared spectroscopy, viscosity measurements and chemical characterization by HPLC and GC/MS chromatography of the monomers recovered after acid hydrolysis. The physicochemical characterization of the oxidized celluloses allowed to conclude that the transformation of the cellulose was more intense when Fenton treatment was used as compared with the CuSO4 treatment. The analysis of the acid hydrolysates by GC-MS indicated that the oxidation by Fenton reaction occurred mainly at the C1 of the cellulose chain, resulting in gluconic acid in the acid hydrolysates. A meaningful decrease of the cellulose conversion was observed when Fetnon-treated samples were submitted to enzymatic hydrolysis using different amounts of commercial enzymes. On the other hand, the CuSO4-oxidized cellulose was still efficiently hydrolyzed by high enzyme dosages. The oxidized Avicel substrates were also hydrolyzed using a mixture of the commercial enzymes with enzymes recovered from G. trabeum cultures. At all tested conditions, the supplementation of the reaction mixture with enzymatic extracts from G. trabeum decreased the enzymatic hydrolysis efficiency. Nevertheless, the normal levels of enzymatic hydrolysis were recovered when the commercial enzymes dosage two-fold increased.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
BID14009_O.pdf (1.68 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2016-09-14
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
CeTI-SC/STI
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2021. All rights reserved.