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Master's Dissertation
DOI
https://doi.org/10.11606/D.96.2020.tde-03092020-140247
Document
Author
Full name
Gabriel Ortiz Cetra
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2020
Supervisor
Committee
Nakabashi, Luciano (President)
Gonçalves, Eduardo
Raiher, Augusta Pelinski
Scorzafave, Luiz Guilherme Dacar da Silva
Title in Portuguese
Qualidade da educação e salários nos municípios brasileiros
Keywords in Portuguese
Educação
Qualidade
Salários
Abstract in Portuguese
A literatura sugere que o capital humano tem relação positiva com a renda, de forma que aumentar a escolaridade da população é uma estratégia indispensável para o desenvolvimento econômico. O presente estudo analisou a relação entre a qualidade da escolaridade e o nível da renda do trabalho nos municípios brasileiros, sob a luz das habilidades cognitivas e econometria espacial. Utilizando o Sistema de Avaliação da Educação Básica (Saeb) e o Índice de Desenvolvimento da Educação Básica (Ideb) como medidas de qualidade educacional, as estimativas encontradas indicam a importância da qualidade da educação na determinação do salário, além de um efeito espacial relevante, indicando a necessidade de políticas públicas nesse sentido para promover o desenvolvimento econômico.
Title in English
Education quality and wages in Brazilian municipalities
Keywords in English
Education
Quality
Wage
Abstract in English
The literature suggests that human capital has a positive effect on income, so increasing the schooling of the population is a necessary strategy for economic development. The present study has analyzed the relationship between the quality of schooling and the average labor's income across the Brazilian municipalities, considering the cognitive abilities and spatial econometrics. Using the Basic Education Assessment System (Saeb) and the Basic Education Development Index (Ideb) as measures of educational quality, the estimates indicate a consistent importance of educational quality on wages and a relevant spatial effect, indicating the need for public policies in this direction to promote economic development.
 
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Publishing Date
2020-11-19
 
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