• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.9.2010.tde-12042010-133715
Document
Author
Full name
Renato Lahos Romano
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Colepicolo Neto, Pio (President)
Cardozo, Karina Helena Morais
Yonamine, Maurício
Title in Portuguese
Análise dos efeitos tóxicos de cádmio sobre a microalga Lingulodinium polyedrum utilizando cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência acoplada à espectrometria de massas (LC-MS/MS)
Keywords in Portuguese
Algas
Cádmio
Fitoquelatinas
Glutationa
Toxicologia ambiental
Abstract in Portuguese
Com o aumento de atividades humanas nocivas ao meio ambiente e principalmente ao meio aquático, torna-se importante a elucidação dos mecanismos de defesa que envolvem os organismos expostos. As algas têm particular importância por serem a base da cadeia alimentar do ecossistema marinho. Ao acumular as substâncias tóxicas presentes no ambiente e servirem de alimento para outras espécies, elas podem provocar biomagnificação do agente tóxico ao longo da cadeia. A escolha da microalga Lingulodinium polyedrum deve-se à sua ampla distribuição em âmbito nacional e mundial e por ser um organismo modelo para estudos de toxicologia envolvendo metais. Este trabalho tem como objetivos padronizar as condições do meio de cultivo de forma a proporcionar o crescimento ideal da espécie, traçar a curva de crescimento e monitorar os aspectos biológicos que sofrem alterações frente a metais, tais como: taxa fotossintética, atividade da enzima antioxidante superóxido dismutase, balanço entre glutationa reduzida e oxidada, bioacumulação intracelular dos metais a que foram expostas e identificação de substâncias quelantes sintetizadas pelas algas, conhecidas como fitoquelatinas. Para alcançar estes objetivos foram utilizadas técnicas analíticas tais como espectrofotometria, espectrometria de massas e espectrometria de emissão atômica com plasma acoplado indutivamente. Dentre os resultados obtidos estão diminuição da quantidade de glutationa reduzida e oxidada quando algas são expostas a metais, diminuição da quantidade de cádmio presente no meio, aumento da atividade de superóxido dismutase e síntese de fitoquelatinas. Com os resultados obtidos podemos concluir que as fitoquelatinas podem ser usadas como biomarcadores de exposição ao cádmio e o organismo, por ser capaz de diminuir a quantidade de metais disponíveis no ambiente, tem potencial para biorremediar ambientes poluídos.
Title in English
Toxic effects of cadmium on the microalgae Lingulodinium polyedrum using high performance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)
Keywords in English
Algae
Cadmium
Environmental toxicology
Glutathione
Phytochelatins
Abstract in English
Given the increase of environmentally harmful human activities, in particular the ones injurious to the aquatic environment, it is important to elucidate the defense mechanisms utilized by organisms exposed to damaging agents. Those species can later be suggested to be used as pollution bioindicators or bioremediatiors. Algae are of particular importance because they are the basis of the marine ecosystem food chain. Given that these organisms can accumulate toxic substances from the environment and they serve as food for other species, it will cause biomagnification of the toxic agent in the chain. The choice of the microalgae Lingulodinium polyedrum was due to its wide national and global distribution and the fact that it is a model organism for toxicology studies involving metals. This work aims to standardize the medium conditions in order to provide the ideal growth of the species; plot the growth curve; and monitor the biological aspects that change in the presence of metals, such as: photosynthetic rate, antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase activity, balance between oxidized and reduced glutathione, intracellular accumulation of metals and identification of chelating substances synthesized by the alga, known as phytochelatins. To achieve these objectives there were used analytical techniques such as spectrophotometry, mass spectrometry and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy. Among the obtained results there are the decrease in the amount of reduced and oxidized glutathione when algae are exposed to the metal; reduction in the quantity of cadmium in the medium; and increase in superoxide dismutase activity and phytochelatin synthesis. Based on the results it can be concluded that phytochelatins can be used as biomarkers of exposure to cadmium and the organism have potential to bioremediate polluted environments.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Publishing Date
2010-06-01
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2021. All rights reserved.