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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.9.2004.tde-28102010-104123
Document
Author
Full name
Gustavo Henrique Goulart Trossini
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2004
Supervisor
Committee
Ferreira, Elizabeth Igne (President)
Chin, Chung Man
Tavares, Leoberto Costa
Title in Portuguese
Antichagásicos potenciais: síntese de bases de Mannich do hidroximetilnitrofural
Keywords in Portuguese
Antichagásicos
Antiparasitários (Síntese)
Doença de Chagas (Quimioterapia)
Planejamento de fármacos
Química farmacêutica
Abstract in Portuguese
A doença de Chagas é endemia que afeta grande parte da América Latina. Estima-se que de 18 a 20 milhões de pessoas estejam infectadas pelo parasita causador da doença e que ocorram, aproximadamente, 50.000 mortes relacionadas à doença de Chagas por ano, nos 21 países da área endêmica. O arsenal terapêutico atualmente usado contra a parasitose, constituído por apenas dois fármacos, é insuficiente, considerando-se, também, que ambos não apresentam ação adequada na fase crônica da doença. Em razão de se tratar de parasitose que acomete apenas países em desenvolvimento, o interesse na pesquisa de novos antichagásicos é consideravelmente baixo por parte dos países que se destacam na introdução de novos fármacos na terapêutica. Resta aos países envolvidos a procura por novas alternativas quimioterápicas. Face ao exposto e ante à alta atividade, em testes in vitro contra o Trypanosoma cruzi, do derivado hidroximetilado do nitrofural, intermediário de síntese de bases de Mannich, obtido em trabalhos anteriores, o objetivo do presente projeto foi sintetizar bases de Mannich desse derivado com aminoácidos lisina e arginina e o dipeptídio lisina-arginina resultante. Os compostos foram sintetizados utilizando-se métodos clássicos e alternativos e grupos protetores, normalmente utilizados na síntese de peptídios e outros, tentativamente empregados, como os grupos metílico e etílico. Em adição, experimentos foram efetuados com o objetivo de otimizar a síntese do hidroximetilnitrofural. Os derivados sintetizados foram analisados por IV, RMN 1H e 13C, e alguns deles, também, por espectrometria de massas. Eles serão submetidos a testes in vitro em cultura de células infectadas com T. cruzi tão logo os grupos protetores sejam removidos. Além disso, serão efetuados testes de liberação para estudo da respectiva estabilidade. Dessa forma, esperam-se obter subsídios importantes para estudos mais aprofundados do seu mecanismo de ação e da possível mutagenicidade envolvida.
Title in English
Potential antichagasic agents: synthesis of hydroxymethylnitrofurazone Mannich bases
Keywords in English
Antichagasic
Chaga\'s disease
Drug design
Medicinal chemistry
Pharmaceutical chemistry
Abstract in English
Chaga's disease is an endemic disease that aftects most part of Latin Arnerica. About 18 to 20 million people are infected by the parasite and around 50 thousand deaths are related to Chagas' disease each year, in the 21 countries of endemic areas. The therapeutic armamentarium available against the disease is constituted by only two drugs and is insufficient, considering, also, that the drugs are not efficient in the chronic phase of the disease. As a parasitosis that only occurs in developing countries, the interest in the research for new antichagasic agents is considerably low in countries that are responsible for the introduction of new drugs in the therapeutics. So, the search for new chemotherapeutic alternatives is a task for the involved countries. In view of the situation and taking into account the high activity in in vitro tests against Trypanosoma cruzi showed by nitrofurazone hydroxymethyl derivative, an intermediary of Mannich bases reaction previously synthesized, the objective of this work was to synthesize its Mannich bases. The carriers used were aminoacids lysine and arginine and its dipeptide, lysinearginine. The compounds were synthesized using classic and alternative methods and protecting groups, currently used in peptide synthesis and others temptatively employed, as methyl and ethyl groups. Also, many experiments were performed in order to achieve the optimization of hydroxymethylnitrofurazone synthesis. The derivatives synthesized were analyzed by IR, 1H and 13C NMR, and some also by mass spectrometry. They will be submitted to in vitro tests with cell infected with T. cruzi as soon as the protecting groups are removed. Besides, tests of drug release will be performed to study their stability. We expect to obtain important information toward better comprehension of their mechanism of action and possible mutagenicity involved.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-10-28
 
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