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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.9.2017.tde-04102017-170935
Document
Author
Full name
Erika Yamamichi
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Fischer, Dominique Corinne Hermine (President)
Ferraz, Helena Onishi
Nakano, Eliana
Title in Portuguese
Estudo químico e avaliação da atividade antiprotozoária in vitro do óleo volátil de Lavandula angustifolia Miller (Lamiaceae)
Keywords in Portuguese
Análise por CG-EM
L. angustifolia
Lamiaceae
Leishmania
Óleo volátil
Trypanosoma cruzi
Abstract in Portuguese
O número de pessoas infectadas por protozoários dos gêneros Leishmania e Trypanosoma cruzi, no mundo, permanece preocupante, havendo cerca de 12 milhões de casos de leishmaniose e 7 a 8 milhões referentes à doença de Chagas. Face ao grave quadro destas doenças e às limitações da terapêutica atual, a busca de novos fármacos é urgente. Considerada uma das principais estratégias disponíveis, a pesquisa a partir de espécies vegetais contendo constituintes bioativos é promissora fonte de moléculas potencialmente ativas. Neste contexto, espécies do gênero Lavandula mostraram atividade anti-Leishmania in vitro, tendo motivado a seleção de L. angustifolia (Lamiaceae). Embora tenham sido comprovadas diversas atividades farmacológicas desta espécie, a atividade antiprotozoária frente aos agentes avaliados ainda não havia sido estudada. Além disto, a produção em larga escala e o seu uso bastante difundido no mundo, sobretudo nas indústrias cosméticas, de perfumes e de domissanitários, despertou interesse. O presente trabalho visou à análise da composição do óleo volátil de uma variedade de L. angustifolia aclimatada ao Brasil e à avaliação de sua atividade antiprotozoária in vitro, frente a cepas de Leishmania infantum, L. amazonensis e de Trypanosoma cruzi. A análise do óleo volátil das inflorescências e das folhas, por CG-EM, indicou a predominância de monoterpenos, tendo-se estabelecido análise comparativa entre estes órgãos. De forma geral, o óleo foi inativo frente às espécies de Leishmania, tendo apresentado promissora atividade anti-Trypanosoma.
Title in English
Chemical composition and in vitro antiprotozoal activity of the vola-tile oil from Lavandula angustifolia Miller (Lamiaceae)
Keywords in English
CG-EM analysis
L. angustifolia
Lamiaceae
Leishmania
Trypanosoma cruzi
Volatile oil
Abstract in English
The number of people infected by Leishmania and Trypanosoma cruzi protozoa around the world has increased and raised concerns that approximately 12 million cases of leishmaniasis and 7 to 8 million cases of Chagas disease have been reported. The alarming statistics involving these diseases and limitations of therapeutics currently in use point to an urgent need for new drugs. Considered one of the main strategies available, research on plants containing bioactive constituents is a promising source of potentially active molecules. Species of Lavandula genus have shown in vitro anti-Leishmania activity and this encouraged the present study on L. angustifolia (Lamiaceae) species. Although several pharmacological activities have been identified, the antiprotozoal activity against these specific agents has not yet been approached. Moreover, the possibility of a large-scale production and its quite comprehensive use worldwide, especially for the manufacturing of cosmetics, perfumes and household sanitizing products have attracted our interest. This study aimed at the analysis of the volatile oil compounds of the L. angustifolia species acclimatized in Brazil as well as the evaluation of the in vitro antiprotozoal activity against the strains of Leishmania (L.) infantum, L. (L.) amazonensis and Trypanosoma cruzi. The CG-EM analysis of the volatile oil from the inflorescences and leaves has shown monoterpenes as majority constituents also allowing a comparative analysis between these organs. Overall, the oil was not active against the Leishmania species but presented promising anti-Trypanosoma activity.
 
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Publishing Date
2017-10-09
 
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