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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
Ricardo Pinheiro de Souza Oliveira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Oliveira, Maricê Nogueira de (President)
Converti, Attílio
Perego, Patrizia
Pessoa Junior, Adalberto
Porto, Ana Lúcia Figueiredo
Title in Portuguese
O efeito da composição de cultura e da suplementação do leite no crescimento, na taxa de acidificação, na sobrevivência e no metabolismo de bactérias probióticas em leite fermentado
Keywords in Portuguese
Alimentos funcionais
Iogurte (Análise;Microbiologia)
Leite fermentado (Estudo;Qualidade)
Metabolismo
Prebiótico
Probiótico
Processamento de alimentos
Abstract in Portuguese
Os produtos lácteos probióticos e/ou simbióticos são líderes dentro do mercado de alimentos funcionais e têm prioridade de pesquisa em diversos países. Os resultados deste trabalho mostraram que a qualidade do leite fermentado foi fortemente influenciada tanto pela composição das co-culturas probióticas quanto por diferentes prebióticos, como oligofrutose, polidextrose, maltodextrina e inulina. A cinética de acidificação foi influenciada pela composição das culturas probióticas e pelos ingredientes prebióticos no leite fermentado. A suplementação do leite com a inulina reduziu o tempo de fermentação das co-culturas Streptococcus thermophilus + Lactobacillus acidophilus (St-La); Streptococcus thermophilus + Lactobacillus rhamnosus (St-Lr) e Streptococcus thermophilus + Bifidobacterium lactis (St-Bl), além de melhorar a firmeza do leite fermentado probiótico. Foram também relatadas que as quantidades de ácido linoléico conjugado (CLA) aumentaram no leite fermentado pela co-cultura de S. thermophilus + L. acidophilus, suplementado com maltodextrina. No que diz respeito às contagens, a adição de inulina favorece a viabilidade das bactérias probióticas durante o armazenamento a 4°C além de causar um efeito bifidogênico, in vitro, estimulando o crescimento de B. lactis. Em relação ao estudo metabólico entre as co-culturas homofermentativas (St-La e St-Lb), feitas neste presente trabalho, pode-se dizer que a lactose foi apenas parcialmente fermentada a ácido lático, a galactose foi metabolizada em certa medida, e se formaram diacetil e acetoína em níveis apreciáveis. A acetoína e o diacetil provavelmente foram produzidos pelas atividades da α-acetolactato sintase e da α-acetolactato descarboxilase de S. thermophilus.
Title in English
The effect of culture composition and the implementation of milk on the growth, acidification rate, survival and metabolism of probiotic bacteria in fermented milk
Keywords in English
Fermented milk
Functional foods
Metabolism
Prebiotic
Probiotic
Abstract in English
Probiotics dairy products and/or symbiotic are leaders in the functional foods market and have the research priority in several countries. The results of this study showed that the quality of fermented milk was strongly influenced by composition of probiotic co-cultures and different prebiotics, such as oligofructose, polydextrose, maltodextrin and inulin. The acidification kinetics was influenced by the composition of the probiotic co-cultures and prebiotic ingredients in the fermented milk. The milk supplementation with inulin reduced the fermentation time of the co-cultures of Streptococcus thermophilus + Lactobacillus acidophilus (St-La); Streptococcus thermophilus + Lactobacillus rhamnosus (St-Lr) and Streptococcus thermophilus + Bifidobacterium lactis (St-Bl), and improved the firmness of the probiotic fermented milk. It has also been observed that the amount of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) increased in the milk fermented by the co-culture S. thermophilus + L. acidophilus supplemented with maltodextrin. As far as the bacterial counts are concerned, the inulin addition promoted the viability of probiotic bacteria during storage at 4°C and led to a bifidogenic effect, in vitro, stimulating the growth of B. lactis. As regards to the metabolic studies of the homofermentative co-cultures (St-La and St-Lb), studied in this work, it can be said that lactose was only partially fermented to lactic acid, galactose was metabolized to some extent, diacetyl and acetoin formed at appreciable levels. The acetoin and diacetyl were probably produced by the activities of α-acetolactate synthase and α-acetolactate decarboxylase of S. thermophilus.
 
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RICARDOPINHEIRO.pdf (7.36 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2011-06-21
 
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