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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.9.2002.tde-18082009-111249
Document
Author
Full name
Dante Augusto Moraes
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2002
Supervisor
Committee
Vessoni Penna, Thereza Christina (President)
Carvalho, João Carlos Monteiro de
Ohara, Mitsuko Taba
Taqueda, Maria Elena Santos
Terron, Luiz Roberto
Title in Portuguese
Otimização da produção de nisina em meio sintético
Keywords in Portuguese
Biotecnologia
Microbiologia industrial
Otimização
Produção de nisina
Tecnologia de fermentação
Abstract in Portuguese
Nisina, um antimicrobiano produzido por cepas de Lactococcus lactis subsp. Lactis, pode ser utilizada como preservante em alimentos e, possivelmente, como agente antimicrobiano. Para aumentar sua produção por Lactococcus lactis ATCC 11454 em meio MRS (pH = 6,5) realizamos ensaios em agitador rotativo (100 rpm/ 30 °C/ 36h) a partir de 3 grupos de ensaios, designados por desenho fatorial de dois níveis (2 (4-1) no grupo 01) e 2(3) nos grupos 2 e 3. As concentrações de sacarose (2,2 a 15 g/L), asparagina (7,5 a 75 g/L), fosfato de potássio (6 a 18 g/L) e Tween 80 (1,0 a 6,6 g/L) foram adicionadas ao meio MRS (pH = 6,5). A produção de nisina foi acompanhada a partir do método de difusão em ágar a partir de utilização de Lactobacillus sake ATCC 9924 como microorganismo sensível. Os melhores níveis de nisina atingidos foram de 1,6 x 104 AU/mL (grupo 2) a 1,8 x 104 AU/mL (grupo 1) e obtidos para os níveis máximos de sacarose e asparagina. Dependendo das proporções entre as concentrações dos outros nutrientes, quando a concentração final de sacarose variou entre 0,33 g/L a 3,64 g/L, o pH oscilou entre 5,10 to 6,01, o acido lático produzido variou de 1,19 g/L a 4,44 g/L e a concentração celular variou de 0,99 a 4,184 mg/L. produção de nisina mostrou-se independente das velocidades de crescimento, as quais variaram de 0,0070 h-1 a 0,0401 h-1. A analise de regressão mostrou se adequar a um modelo polinomial quadrático: Log AU/mL = 1,98905 - 0,213558 x2 + 1,80028 x3 - 1,40776 x4 + 0,23436 x1 x2 + 0,35936 x1 x3 +1,47217 x3 x4 (equação principal). Onde os índices representam as concentrações de sacarose; asparagina; fosfato e tween 80 respectivamente. A análise de variância foi realizada para os parâmetros fixados para demonstrar a adequação do modelo proposto. (x são os índices dos nutrientes adicionados).
Title in English
Optimization of nisin production in sinthetic media
Keywords in English
Biotechnology
Industrial microbiology
Nisin production
Optimization
Abstract in English
Nisin, an antimicrobial substance tha is produced by Lactococcus lactis, can be utilized as a preservative and therapeutic agent. To improve its production by Lactococcus lactis ATCC 11454 in MRS broth (pH =6.5), in rotatory shaker (100 rpm/ 30 °C/ 36h), three groups of assays, set up by a fractional factorial design of two-levels (2 (4-1) in group 01), and 2(3) in groups 2 and 3 were carried out. The minimum and maximum concentrations of sucrose (5 to 12.5 g/L), asparagine (7.5 to 75 g/L), potassium phosphate (6 to 18 g/L) and Tween 80 (1.0 to 6.6 g/L) were added to the MRS broth (pH = 6.5). The nisin production was accompanied through the agar diffusion assay using Lactobacillus sake ATCC 9924 as a sensitive microorganism. The best nisin activities ranged from 1.67 x 104 AU/mL (group 2) to 1.84 x 104 AU/mL (group 1) and were obtained for maximum levels of sucrose and asparagine, dependending of the proportions of the other nutrients concentrations, when the final sucrose content varied from 0.33 g/L to 3.64 g/L, the pH value oscillated beTween 5.10 to 6.01, the produced lactic acid was ranged from 1.19 g/L to 4.44 g/L and the dry-cell content was about 0.99 to 4,184 mg (DCW)/L. Nisin production was shown to be independent of growth rates, which ranged from 0.0070 h-1 to 0.0401 h-1. The regression analysis attained a quadratic polynomial model: Log AU/mL = 1.98905 - 0.213558 x2 + 1.80028 x3 - 1.40776 x4 + 0.23436 x1 x2 + 0.35936 x1 x3 +1.47217 x3 x4 (main equation). The analysis of variance performed to the fitted parameters of the independent variables was performed for checking model fitting results adequacy. (x are the index for the nutrients added).
 
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Publishing Date
2009-08-18
 
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