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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.9.2007.tde-13122007-164116
Document
Author
Full name
Maria Aderuza Horst
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Lajolo, Franco Maria (President)
Barbisan, Luís Fernando
Dagli, Maria Lúcia Zaidan
Moreno, Fernando Salvador
Ong, Thomas Prates
Title in Portuguese
Inibição de danos em DNA e alteração da expressão gênica em ratos Wistar tratados com as hortaliças couve e repolho (Brassica oleracea) e submetidos à hepatocarcinogênese química
Keywords in Portuguese
8-hidroxi-2-deoxiguanosina
Alimentos funcionais
Danos em DNA
Expressão diferencial de genes
Hepatocarcinogênese química
Hortaliças Brassicas
Quimioprevenção
Abstract in Portuguese
O câncer é a segunda maior causa de morte no mundo, sendo responsável por aproximadamente 7,6 milhões de óbitos. Entretanto, pesquisadores alertam para uma associação inversa entre o consumo de frutas e hortaliças e o desenvolvimento de neoplasias, desta forma a organização mundial da saúde sugere, dentre outras medidas para controle do câncer, o aumento do consumo de frutas e hortaliças. Nesse contexto o objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os eventuais efeitos quimiopreventivos das hortaliças Brassicas, couve (C) e repolho (R). Realizaram-se dois experimentos sendo o primeiro, o modelo de hepatocacinogênese de Ito, onde as hortaliças foram fornecidas durante 8 semanas na água de beber (10% p/v), animais que receberam apenas água foram utilizados como controle. Nesse experimento não houve inibição (P>0,05) de lesões pré-neoplásicas hepáticas positivas para glutationa S-transferase forma placental e não houve indução (P>0,05) da apoptose nos grupos tratados com C ou R. Contudo, observou-se redução (P<0,05) de danos em DNA hepático e aumento (P<0,05) da concentração hepática de luteína de ratos tratados com C e R, quando comparados a ratos controle. No segundo experimento as hortaliças foram fornecidas durante 8 semanas na água de beber (20% p/v), e os animais foram submetidos a aplicação do carcinogênico hepático 24h antes da eutanásia. Não houve redução (P>0,05) de danos em DNA, contudo a concentração do aduto de DNA 8-hidroxi-2-deoxiguanosina (8-OHdG) e foi elevada (P<0,05) em animais tratados com R quando comparados a tratados com C e controles. Com relação à expressão diferencial de genes, 29 genes foram diferencialmente expressos em fígado, dentre eles o gene da 8-oxoguanina-DNA-glicosilase (enzima de reparo do DNA), foi hipoexpressa no grupo tratado com R, o que pode explicar o aumentado valor de adutos no mesmo grupo. O cólon apresentou 31 genes com diferença de expressão, onde 5 genes estão relacionados ao metabolismo de xenobióticos.
Title in English
Inhibition in DNA damages and differential gene expression in Wistar rats treated with kale and cabbage (Brassica oleracea) and submitted to chemical hepatocarcinogenesis
Keywords in English
8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine
Brassica vegetables
Chemical hepatocarcinogenesis
Chemoprevention
Differential gene expression
DNA damage
Abstract in English
Cancer is the major cause of death in the world, being responsible for approximately 7.6 million deaths. However, there is a hypothesis of an inverse association between fruit and vegetable consumption and the development of cancer. Therefore, the World Health Organization suggests, among other actions for controlling cancer, the increase in vegetable and fruit consumption. The aim of this work was to evaluate eventual chemopreventive effects of Brassicas vegetables, kale (K) and cabbage (C). Two experiments were done: the first one was Ito´s hepatocarcinogenesis model, where vegetables were provided during 8 weeks in the rats´ drinking water (10% w/v). Animals that received only water were considered control. In this experiment, there was no inhibition (P<0,05) of glutathione S-transferase placental form positive preneoplastic lesions and, also, there was no induction (P<0,05) of apoptosis in the groups treated with K or C However, it was observed a reduction (P<0,05) in hepatic DNA damages and an increase (P<0,05) in lutein hepatic concentration of rats treated with K or C, when compared to the control. In the second experiment, the vegetables were provided during 8 weeks in the rats´ drinking water (20% w/v), and animals were submitted to carcinogenic application 24h before euthanasia. There was no reduction (P<0,05) in DNA damages, however there was an increase (P<0,05) in the concentration of 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) DNA in animals treated with C when compared to the ones treated with K and control. In relation to the differential gene expression, 29 genes were differently expressed in the liver, such as the 8-oxoguanine-DNA-glycosylase gene, which was downregulated in the group treated with C. This might explain the increased value of adducts in the same group. Colon presented 31 genes with difference in expression, whereas 5 genes are related to xenobiotic metabolism.
 
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Publishing Date
2007-12-14
 
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