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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.9.1983.tde-19032008-140858
Document
Author
Full name
Bernadette Dora Gombossy de Melo Franco
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 1983
Supervisor
Committee
Trabulsi, Luiz Rachid (President)
Alterthum, Flavio
Baruffaldi, Renato
Penteado, Marilene de Vuono Camargo
Toledo, Maria Regina Fernandes de
Title in Portuguese
Frequência de isolamento e propriedades de Escherichia coli enteropatogênica em alimentos
Keywords in Portuguese
Alimentos
Escherichia coli patogênica
Fatores de virulência
Prevalencia
Abstract in Portuguese
Os objetivos desta pesquisa foram observar a incidência de E. coli enterotoxigênica (ETEC), E. coli enteropatogênica clásssica (EPEC) e E. coli invasora (EIEC) em alimentos e estudar algumas de suas propriedades. Foram estudadas 360 amostras de alimentos, de origem animal e vegetal, das quais foram isoladas 1351 cepas diferentes de E.coli. Todas foram sorotipadas para investigação daquelas pertencentes aos sorogrupos enteropatogênicos clássicos, e as cepas imóveis e lisinadescarboxilase negativas sorotipadas para identificação daquelas pertencentes aos sorogrupos invasores. A capacidade de produção das enterotoxinas LT e ST de todas as cepas de E. coli foi também investigada. As amostras patogênicas isoladas corresponderam a 1,6 do total de cepas de E.coli estudado. Os alimentos de onde foram isolados representaram 4,2% do total de amostras de alimentos estudados e 5,2% das amostras de alimentos contendo E. coli. Não foram isoladas amostras de EIEC nas amostras de alimentos estudadas. As amostras de EPEC isoladas pertenceram aos sorogrupos 026 e 0125. Entre as amostras de ETEC isoladas predominaram aquelas produtoras somente da toxina LT, não tendo sido isoladas amostras capazes de produzir as toxinas LT e ST simultaneamente. Nenhuma das amostras de ETEC pertenceu aos sorogrupos enterotoxigênicos mais frequentes, nem possuiu os fatôres de colonização CFA/I e CFA/II. No teste de resistência a drogas, a maioria das amostras enteropatogênicas mostrou-se sensível às drogas utilizadas. O modelo de fermentação de açúcares foi relativamente uniforme entre estas amostras, e bastante semelhante ao apresentado pelo gênero Escherichia.
Title in English
Prevalence and properties of pathogenic Escherichia coli in foods
Keywords in English
Foods
Pathogenic Escherichia coli
Prevalence
Virulence factors
Abstract in English
The objectives of this research work were to study the incidence of enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC), enteropathogenic. E.coli (EPEC) and invasive E. coli (EIEC) in foods, and to study some of their properties. 360 food samples, both of animal and plant origin, were studied and 1351 different E. coli strains were isolated. All of them were serotyped in order to identify those belonging to the serogroups enteropathogenic for children (EPEC). The strains which were non-motile and lysine descarboxylase negative were serotyped for the identification of those belonging to invasive serogroups. The capacity of all strains in producing enterotoxins ST and LT was also investigated. The isolated pathogenic strains corresponded to 1,6% of the E. coli strains tested. The foods from which they were isolated represented 4,2% of the total of food samples tested, and 5,2% of the food samples showing contamination with E. coli. No invasive strain was observed in the food samples tested. The isolated EPEC strains belonged to serogroups 026 and 0125. There was a prevalence of enterotoxin LT only producing strains among the ETEC ones, and no strain able to produce both enterotoxins LT and ST simultaneously was observed. None of them belonged to the usual enterotoxigenic serogroups, nor had colonization factors CFA/I and CFA/II. The antibiotic resistence test showed that the majority of pathogenic strains were sensitive to the drugs employed. The sugar fermentation model was relatively uniform among these strains, and very smilar to the one showed by the genus Escherichia.
 
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Publishing Date
2008-03-20
 
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