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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.89.2006.tde-29112006-153717
Document
Author
Full name
Elaine Cristina da Silva
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2006
Supervisor
Committee
Martins, Ignez Salas (President)
Caramelli, Bruno
Souza, Sonia Buongermino de
Title in Portuguese
Síndrome metabólica e baixa estatura em adultos na população de Barueri, São Paulo
Keywords in Portuguese
Baixa estatura
Doenças crônicas
Síndrome metabólica
Abstract in Portuguese
OBJETIVO: No Brasil, a prevalência de doenças crônicas não transmissíveis (DCNT), especialmente obesidade, tem aumentado dramaticamente, constituindo-se em grave problema de saúde pública. Paradoxalmente, no país ainda são observadas altas taxas de desnutrição crônica em crianças de baixa renda, o que tem sido, recentemente, apontada como fator de risco para desenvolvimento de DCNT na vida adulta. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a prevalência de síndrome metabólica (SM) e sua relação com a baixa estatura, marcador de desnutrição pregressa na infância, em população adulta. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal em população adulta, com idades entre 20 e 64 anos, residente em município da região metropolitana de São Paulo. A amostra foi composta por 287 indivíduos, sendo 214 (74,6%) do sexo feminino e 75 (25,4%) do sexo masculino. Foram obtidos dados antropométricos e clínico-bioquímicos através de exame físico e coleta de material biológico, respectivamente. Os dados socioeconômico-demográficos e de hábitos de vida foram obtidos por meio de entrevista. Para classificação da síndrome metabólica utilizou-se o critério do International Diabetes Federation e para o ponto de corte da baixa estatura utilizou-se o padrão do National Center for Health Statistics (homens <165cm e mulheres <154cm). RESULTADOS: A prevalência padronizada por sexo e idade para a síndrome metabólica foi de 40,0% no sexo feminino e 10,0% no sexo masculino e a de baixa estatura 30,0% entre as mulheres e 23,0% entre os homens. Em análise univariada, a baixa estatura demonstrou associação com a SM em ambos os sexos (Odds Ratio=1,308; p<0,001). Em análise multivariada, ajustada por sexo, idade, escolaridade, renda, tabagismo, etilismo, atividade física, antecedentes familiares e índice de massa corpórea, a baixa estatura mostrou-se associada a SM (Odds Ratio=1,299; IC95%:1,288-1,310). CONCLUSÃO: No presente estudo foi demonstrada possível associação entre SM e baixa estatura em adultos.
Title in English
Metabolic syndrome and short stature in adults in the city of Barueri, São Paulo
Keywords in English
Chronic diseases
Metabolic syndrome
Short stature
Abstract in English
OBJECTIVE: In Brazil, the prevalence of chronic diseases, especially obesity, has increased dramatically, thus becoming a serious problem of public health. There are, however, high rates of undernutrition and stunting in low-income children, which have been appointed as risk factor to cause chronic diseases in later life. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its relationship to short stature, as evidence of stunting in early life in adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of adult population (age 20 to 64 years old) living in the metropolitan area of Sao Paulo. The sample comprehended a total of 287 individuals, 214 (74,6%) were women and 73 (25,4%) were men. The anthropometric and clinical-biochemical data were collected through the physical exam and the biological material, respectively. The socio-economic-demographic data and life habit conditions were obtained through interview. The metabolic syndrome was defined by the criteria of International Diabetes Federation and the cut-off point for short stature was based on the standard given by National Center for Health Statistics (male <165cm and female <154cm). RESULTS: The standard prevalence for sex and age to metabolic syndrome was 40,0% among women and 10,0% among men and the prevalence of short stature were 30,0% in women and 30,0% in men. In univariate analyses the metabolic syndrome showed to be associated to short stature (Odds Ratio=1,308; p<0,001). The multiple regression analyses, adjusted by sex, age, education, income, smoking, alcohol consumption, family history and body mass index showed association between the metabolic syndrome and short stature (Odds Ratio=1,299; IC95%:1,288-1,310). CONCLUSIONS: In this study was demonstrated association between metabolic syndrome and short stature in adults.
 
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Publishing Date
2007-02-16
 
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