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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.89.2011.tde-15072011-103018
Document
Author
Full name
Edna Helena da Silva Machado
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Colli, Celia (President)
Braga, Josefina Aparecida Pellegrini
Sarti, Flávia Mori
Silva, Marina Vieira da
Vitalle, Maria Sylvia de Souza
Title in Portuguese
Anemia em gestantes atendidas em Unidades Básicas de Saúde da região administrativa do Butantã, município de São Paulo, em 2006 e 2008
Keywords in Portuguese
Anemia
Carência de ferro
Gestação
Política de saúde
Abstract in Portuguese
O presente estudo verificou a prevalência de anemia em gestantes atendidas em 13 Unidades Básicas de Saúde da Supervisão Técnica de Saúde do Butantã-SP. Trata-se de estudo transversal com dados secundários de prontuários de 772 gestantes, à primeira consulta do pré-natal, nos anos de 2006 (387) e de 2008 (385). Foram incluídas no estudo as gestantes cujos prontuários apresentavam os seguintes dados: idade, peso, trimestre gestacional, concentração de hemoglobina e RDW na primeira consulta de pré-natal e ausência de doenças crônicas. De acordo com o estado nutricional pré-gestacional, observaram-se maiores prevalências de eutrofia (61 %), seguidas por 21,5 % de sobrepeso e por 10,8 % de obesidade. A prevalência de anemia foi de 10,0 % em 2006 e de 8,8 % em 2008, sem diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os valores (p > 0,05). Como esperado, a prevalência aumentou com a evolução da gestação. Em 2006 as médias de Hb diminuíram de 12,6 (1,0) g/dL no I trimestre para 12,2 (1,1) g/dL no II trimestre e 11,5 (1,0) g/dL no III trimestre gestacional. Os valores foram similares no ano de 2008. A distribuição das médias de Hb e RDW nos dois anos não mostrou diferenças estatísticas significativas (p > 0,05). As gestantes que estavam no II trimestre apresentaram risco de anisocitose maior em 41%, quando comparadas às que fizeram sua primeira consulta no primeiro trimestre. Esse nível de prevalência de anemia é classificado como associado a um risco populacional leve, segundo a Organização Mundial de Saúde.
Title in English
Anemia in pregnant women assisted at Health Basic Units of Butantã administrative region, city of São Paulo, in 2006 and 2008
Keywords in English
Anemia
Gestation
Health policy
Iron deficiency
Abstract in English
The present study verified the prevalence of anemia among pregnant women assisted in 13 Health Basic Units of the Health Technical Supervision in Butantã-SP. This is a cross-sectional study with secondary data from medical charts of 772 pregnant women, upon the first prenatal visit to the doctor, in 2006 (387 women) and 2008 (385 women). The study included pregnant women whose medical charts contained the following data: age, weight, gestational quarter, hemoglobin concentration and RDW upon the first prenatal visit and lack of chronic diseases. According to the gestational nutritional status, the largest prevalence of eutrophic women (61 %) was observed, followed by 21.5 % overweight and 10.8 % obese. The prevalence of anemia was 10.0 % in 2006 and 8.8 % in 2008, with no statistically significant difference between the values (p > 0.05). As expected, the prevalence increased with the evolution of gestation. In 2006, the mean Hb values decreased from 12.6 (1.0) g/dL in the first quarter to 12.2 (1.1) g/dL in the second quarter and 11.5 (1.0) g/dL in the third quarter of pregnancy. The values were similar in 2008. The mean Hb distribution and RDW in both years showed no statistically significant differences (p > 0.05). The pregnant women who were in the second quarter of pregnancy showed a 41 % larger risk of anisocytosis when compared to the ones who attended the first medical visit in the first quarter of pregnancy. This level of prevalence for anemia is classified as associated to a slight risk for the population, according to the World Health Organization.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-08-18
 
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