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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.89.2003.tde-09112004-121441
Document
Author
Full name
Ana Paula França
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2003
Supervisor
Committee
Marucci, Maria de Fatima Nunes (President)
Fonseca, Angela Maggio da
Gambardella, Ana Maria Dianezi
Title in Portuguese
"Estado nutricional e risco de doença cardiovascular de mulheres no climatério atendidas em um ambulatório da cidade de São Paulo"
Keywords in Portuguese
climatério
doença cardiovascular
estado nutricional
Abstract in Portuguese
Objetivo: Avaliar o estado nutricional e o risco de doença cardiovascular (DCV) de mulheres no climatério. Metodologia: Estudo transversal, cuja população foi composta por 200 mulheres de 35 a 65 anos, agrupadas de acordo com a fase do climatério: pré-menopausa (PRÉ), perimenopausa (PERI) e pós-menopausa (PÓS). As mulheres do grupo PÓS foram divididas em dois grupos: sem terapia de reposição hormonal (S/TRH) e com TRH oral por no mínimo 12 meses (C/TRH). O estado nutricional foi avaliado segundo o índice de massa corporal (IMC) e o percentual de gordura corporal (%GC); o risco de DCV foi avaliado segundo a relação cintura/quadril (RCQ). O nível de significância utilizado nas análises foi alfa=5%. Resultados: A prevalência de pré-obesidade + obesidade, segundo o IMC, foi 65,4% (PRÉ), 70,9% (PERI) e 67,4% (PÓS), porém não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos. Comparado ao grupo C/TRH, houve maior proporção de mulheres obesas no grupo S/TRH (p=0,04), 21,4% e 48,4%, respectivamente. O %GC revelou sobrepeso e obesidade em 50,7% (PRÉ), 66,7% (PERI) e 57,4% (PÓS); 67,7% (S/TRH) e 54,8% (C/TRH) – essas diferenças não foram estatisticamente significativas. O risco de DCV foi considerado alto e muito alto para a maioria das mulheres: 90,7% (PRÉ), 95,8% (PERI) e 84,1% (PÓS); 90,3% (S/TRH) e 76,2% (C/TRH) e não houve diferença estatística entre os grupos. Conclusão: Grande parte das mulheres apresentou alto risco de afecções relacionadas à obesidade, como a DCV, justificando a atenção à mulher no climatério para a prevenção das principais causas de mortalidade nesse grupo.
Title in English
Nutritional status and cardiovascular risk assessment of climateric women attended on an out-patient clinic of São Paulo, Brazil.
Keywords in English
cardiovascular disease
climacteric
nutritional status
Abstract in English
Purpose: To evaluate the nutritional status and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk of climacteric women. Methodology: Transversal study, composed by 200 women aged 35-65 years, grouped according to the climacteric stage: premenopause (PRE), perimenopause (PERI) and postmenopause (POS). The PÓS group was divided in two groups: with no hormonal replacement therapy (N/HRT) and with oral HRT for at least 12 months (W/HRT). The nutritional status was assessed by body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (BF%); the CVD risk was assessed by waist hip ratio (WHR). The significance level used for the analyses was alpha=5%. Results: According to BMI, the pre-obesity + obesity prevalences were 65,4% (PRÉ), 70,9% (PERI) e 67,4% (POS) and there was no significant difference among these groups. Compared with the group W/HRT, there was a higher rate (p=0,04) of obesity among women in the N/HRT group: 21,4% and 48,4%, respectively. The BF% showed overweight and obesity in 50,7% (PRE), 66,7% (PERI) and 57,4% (POS); 67,7% (N/TRH) and 54,8% (W/TRH), differences that were not statisticaly significant. In all groups there was a greater proportion of women considered with high and very high risk of CVD: 90,7% (PRE), 95,8% (PERI) and 84,1% (POS); 90,3% (N/TRH) and 76,2% (W/TRH) and the risk did not differ statisticaly among the groups. Conclusion: The majority of women had increased obesity-related and cardiovascular disease risk, emphasizing women´s health attention programms to the prevention of the leading mortality causes in this group.
 
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Publishing Date
2004-12-06
 
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