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Master's Dissertation
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
Marco Antonio Iozzi
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2003
Supervisor
Committee
Mattoso, Luiz Henrique Capparelli (President)
Frollini, Elisabete
Hage Junior, Elias
Title in Portuguese
Desenvolvimento de compósitos de borracha nitrílica reforçados com fibras de sisal
Keywords in Portuguese
Borracha nitrílica
Carbonato de cálcio
Compósitos
Sisal
Abstract in Portuguese
A obtenção de compósitos elastoméricos resistentes a óleos e à abrasão, com propriedades mecânicas melhoradas através da incorporação de fibras naturais pelo processo de calandragem, é uma abordagem promissora que amplia as aplicações tecnológicas destes materiais e permite sua produção em escala industrial. Neste trabalho foram desenvolvidos compósitos de borracha nitrílica com fibras de sisal, e borracha nitrílica com carbonato de cálcio e fibras de sisal. Os compósitos foram processados em moinho de dois rolos, em condições otimizadas de processamento. Estudou−se a influência do teor de carbonato, tamanho e teor das fibras de sisal, bem como do tratamento de mercerização das fibras nas propriedades dos compósitos. Os compósitos, com as fibras curtas aleatoriamente distribuídas, foram caracterizados através de ensaios mecânicos, microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV), análise termogravimétrica (TG) e calorimetria exploratória diferencial (DSC). O tratamento de mercerização promoveu a remoção de lignina e hemicelulose da superfície das fibras de sisal, aumentando sua adesão à matriz de borracha. O tamanho critico de fibras, determinado para reforço nesta matriz nitrílica, foi de 6 mm, sendo que o teor crítico de fibras foi de 11 pcr para a matriz de borracha pura e de 5,5 pcr para a matriz combinada com carbonato de cálcio. Determinou−se que o teor ideal de carbonato é de 67 pcr. As análises térmicas (TG e DSC) mostraram que os compósitos são termicamente estáveis até a temperatura em torno de 300°C. Os materiais obtidos possuem uma boa relação custo⁄beneficio tornando promissora sua utilização
Title in English
Not available
Keywords in English
Not available
Abstract in English
The preparation of elastomeric composites resistent to oils and abrasion, with mechanical properties enhanced through incorporation of natural fibers by calendering processing is a promising, approach that enlarge the technological applications for these materials, and allow their production in industrial scale. In this work, nitrile rubber with sisal fibers composites and nitrile rubber with calcium carbonate and sisal fibers composites were developed. The composites were processed on a two roll mixing mil, in optimized processing conditions. It was studied the influence of calcium carbonate amount, size and amount of sisal fibers, and alkali treatment of the fibers on the composite properties. The composites, with short fibers randomly distributed, were characterized by mechanical analysis, scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Mercerization treatment promoted the remotion of lignin and hemicelluloses from the sisal fibers surface, increasing the adhesion between the fiber and the rubber matrix. The critical size of sisal fibers to reinforce the nitrile matrix was 6 milimeters, and the fibers critical volume was 11 phr for the pure rubber matrix, and 5.5 phr for the matrix containing calcium carbonate. The ideal volume of calcium carbonate was 67 phr. The thermal analysis (TG and DSC) demonstrated that the composites are thermally stable up to 300°C. The materials developed have a good cost⁄benefits relation making promising their utilization
 
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Publishing Date
2015-08-22
 
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