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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.88.2011.tde-18012012-145718
Document
Author
Full name
Alexandre Machado Aguiar Portela
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Carvalho, Antonio José Felix de (President)
Fortulan, Carlos Alberto
Tita, Volnei
Title in Portuguese
Inspeção por ressonância magnética nuclear de painéis-sanduíche compósitos de grau aeronáutico
Keywords in Portuguese
Inspeção não-destrutiva
Painéis-sanduíche compósitos
Ressonância magnética nuclear
Abstract in Portuguese
O presente trabalho objetivou desenvolver e implementar, em escala laboratorial, uma rotina experimental com base em Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética Nuclear (IRMN) de modo a verificar seu potencial como metodologia não-destrutiva aplicável à inspeção quali- e quantitativa de água e hidrocarbonetos líquidos aprisionados no interior de células de núcleos-colméia utilizados na confecção de painéis-sanduíche compósitos estruturais de grau aeronáutico. Tentativas foram também realizadas no sentido de se observarem e caracterizarem danos por amassamento de núcleos-colméia, assim como de se detectar a presença de resina polimérica na forma sólida, visando, desta feita, verificar o uso do IRMN na inspeção de componentes previamente reparados e/ou contendo excesso de resina por falha do processo de manufatura. Concluiu-se que IRMN é uma poderosa ferramenta para a detecção e a quantificação de líquidos puros e compostos, ricos em hidrogênio, contidos nas células de núcleos de amostras extraídas de painéis-sanduíche compósitos. O potencial do IRMN na identificação, e, portanto, na discriminação entre os diversos fluidos se mostrou bastante promissor, desde que se empreguem ferramentas de processamento e análise computadorizada de imagens a partir de programas computacionais de reconhecimento de padrões via redes neurais artificiais e/ou sistemas com base em conhecimento. A técnica de IRMN utilizada neste estudo não permitiu a captura de imagens de resina polimérica sólida, nem mesmo quando à esta foram adicionadas cargas de elementos intensificadores de sinais de RMN, tais como ferro e gadolíneo. Danos no núcleo-colméia tão pequenos quanto 1,0 mm de profundidade e 1,8 mm de diâmetro foram clara e inequivocamente imageados e delineados pela técnica IRMN, desde que estivessem permeados por fluido hidrogenado (ex. água). A quantificação de líquidos nos núcleos-colméia por intermédio de ferramentas computacionais simples (processadores e analisadores de imagens) foi muito bem sucedida no caso dos líquidos com relativamente alto ponto de fulgor, pois as massas fluidas se mantiveram constantes por períodos de tempo significativamente longos no interior das células analisadas.
Title in English
Nuclear magnetic resonance inspection of aeronautical grade composite sandwich panels
Keywords in English
Composite sandwich panels
Non-destructive inspection
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Abstract in English
This work intended to develop and implement in laboratorial scale an experimental routine funded in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging (NMRI) in order to verify its potential as a non-destructive methodology for quali- and quantitative inspection of liquid water and hydrocarbons entrapped in honeycomb core cells utilized to build up aeronautical grade structural composite sandwich panels. Attempts were also carried out to observe and characterize crush damage of honeycomb core, as well as to detect solid polymer resin towards the use of NMRI to assess previously repaired components and/or containing in excess resin amount due to manufacturing process faults. It has been concluded that NMRI is a powerful tool in detecting and quantifying hydrogen-rich pure and compound liquids contained in core cells of composite sandwich samples. The NMRI potential in identifying and, therefore, discriminating several fluids has shown very promising as long as computed image processing and analysis tools are employed from pattern recognition software via artificial neural networks and/or knowledge-based systems. The utilized NMRI technique failed in imaging solid polymer resin, even when the latter was loaded with NMR-signal intensifier elements such as iron and gadolinium. Honeycomb core damages as small as 1.0 mm in depth and 1.8 mm in diameter were clearly and unambiguously imaged and delineated by the NMRI technique since they were permeated with hydrogenated fluid (ex., water). The quantification of liquids in honeycomb cores by means of simple computational tools (image processor and analyzer) was very successful in case of relatively high flash point fluids, insofar as their masses remained constant within the analyzed cells for significantly long periods of time.
 
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Alexandre_portela.pdf (5.02 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2012-08-03
 
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