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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.88.2016.tde-16092016-143619
Document
Author
Full name
Lisete Maria Florenzano de Mello
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2000
Supervisor
Committee
Crnkovic, Ovídio Richard (President)
Goissis, Gilberto
Kuri, Sebastião Elias
Title in Portuguese
Análise da resistência à corrosão de materiais para implantes com revestimento cerâmico de hidroxiapatita
Keywords in Portuguese
Biomateriais metálicos
Corrosão em meio fisiológico
Hidroxiapatita
Revestimento cerâmico
Abstract in Portuguese
Metais são largamente empregados em implantes (endopróteses), principalmente nos que tem finalidade ortopédica. O meio fisiológico representa um meio extremamente agressivo, provocando corrosão que pode resultar em sérios problemas aos pacientes que recebem os implantes. Passou-se a utilizar revestimentos sobre o metal-base de implantes para melhorar a sua resistência à corrosão. Mais recentemente, revestimentos porosos de cerâmica, que permitem ao tecido ósseo um crescimento por entre a porosidade, passaram a ser empregados, pois assim dispensam o uso de cimentos acrílicos na fixação da prótese ao osso. A hidroxiapatita (HA) é um dos revestimentos cerâmicos cuja aplicação comercial tem crescido bastante, principalmente em cirurgias de substituição total de quadril (total hip replacement). A corrosão eletroquímica em metais comumente empregados em endopróteses e que aceitam o revestimento de hidroxiapatita (aços inox F138 grau 2, 316L grau 1 e liga Co-Cr-Mo F75)foi estudada, de forma a determinar se este tipo de revestimento influi ou não na corrosão. Através de testes, e análises metalográficas e de microscopia eletrônica de varredura, foi analisada a corrosão destes materiais em dois meios fisiológicos (Soro Bovino e Soro Fisiológico), comparando-se os resultados obtidos com e sem revestimento de hidroxiapatita.
Title in English
Analysis of the corrosion resistance of materials for implants with ceramic coating of hidroxiapatite
Keywords in English
Ceramic coat
Hidroxiapatita
Metallic biomaterials
Physiologic corrosion
Abstract in English
MetaIs are widely used in implants (endoprostheses), mainly in orthopedic ones. The physiologic solution is very aggressive, and promote the metal corrosion, that may drive the patient that receive the implant to serious complications. Coatings over the base metal are being applied to improve the corrosion resistance. Recently, ceramic porous-coating began to be used. This kind of coating allows the bone tissue to ingrowth into the pores of HA-coated, and so avoid the use of acrylic cements do bind the protesis to the bone. The hidroxiapatite (HA) is one of the ceramic coatings that the commercial use have been growing, mainly in total hip replacement surgeries. The Electro-Chemical corrosion in the most common metaIs used in endoprostheses, that accept the HA-coat was studied (stainless steels F138 grade 1 and 316L grade 2 and F75 Co-Cr-Mo alloy). By this way, this study aimed to tell if the HA-coat has any influence in the corrosion rate. Trough chemical-electro corrosion tests, and metallographies, and electronic microscopy, the corrosion of these metaIs was analyzed in two different physiologic solutions, confronting the results between HA-coated and non coated samples. Coated samples had, in both solutions, a lower corrosion rate. The bovine solution was more agressive between non coated samples. But fisiologic solution was more agressive with coated samples. Between coated samples, F75 alloy had the lower corrosion rate. But F138 stainless steel without coating was the less corroded.
 
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Publishing Date
2016-09-16
 
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