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Master's Dissertation
Full name
Margarete Aparecida Leme de Andrade
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
São Carlos, 1998
Gomes, Samuel Irati Novaes (President)
Canale, Lauralice de Campos Franceschini
Kobayashi, Yukio
Title in Portuguese
Estudo da microestrutura e resistência ao impacto na ZAC, em quatro diferentes aportes de calor, com e sem alívio de tensões, em aço de resistência ambiental
Keywords in Portuguese
Resistência ao impacto
Soldagem a arco submerso
Abstract in Portuguese
Neste trabalho foram estudadas as microestruturas, dureza, e resistência ao impacto em aço alta resistência e baixa liga (ARBL) na ZAC. O processo de soldagem foi por arco submerso, utilizando corrente de 600A, tensão de 25V, velocidade de soldagem de 25,5; 24; 20,94; e 19,5 cm/min. Utilizou-se chapa de aço USI-SAC-50. Os quatro aportes de calor produzidos 3,53; 3,75; 4,24; 4,61 kJ/mm, permitiram variações microestruturais na região de granulação grosseira da ZAC, promovendo variações nas medidas de durezas e nos resultados do ensaio de impacto medido à -25ºC e -10ºC. Quando realizado o tratamento térmico de alívio de tensões a 580ºC por 1 hora, as morfologias das microestruturas e medidas de dureza na região grosseira da ZAC, praticamente foram iguais, independente do aporte de calor. Os resultados do ensaio de impacto realizado à -25ºC, com e sem tratamento térmico, não sofreram alterações significativas para os valores das energias absorvidas na ZAC. Já a -10ºC a mudança foi mais significativa. O aspecto da morfologia da fratura na região de granulação grosseira da ZAC, após o ensaio de impacto, foi coerente para os quatro aportes de calor utilizados na soldagem.
Title in English
not available
Keywords in English
Arc weld metals
HSLA steel
Impact resistance
Abstract in English
It was studied in this report the microstructure, hardness and impact resistance in High Strength Low Alloyed (HSLA) steel in HAZ. The submerged are weld metals were made, using corrent of 600A, are voltage of 25V and travel speed of 25,5; 20,9; 24; and 19,5 cm/min. The USI-SAC-50 steel was used in present report. Four different heat input 3,53; 3,75; 4,24 and 4,61 kJ/mm were used to weld, produced significant changes in the coarse heat affected zone (HAZ) microstructure morphology, and this effect promoted changes on the hardness and the impact results at -25°C and -10°C. Using stress reliev treatment at 580°C for one hour, has changed the microstructure morphology in the coarse heat affected zone and the hardness measurements becames quite similar, therefore independent of the heat input. At -25°C the impact results has shown no variations with the stress reliev heat treatment. However, there were significant changes in the impact results at -10°C. After the impact test, the aspect of morphology facture in the coarse heat affected zone (HAZ), was coherent for the four different heat input, were used to weld.
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