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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.87.2012.tde-30102012-161733
Document
Author
Full name
Bruno Vitório Marthos
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Gonçalves, Viviane Maimoni (President)
Carvalho, Joao Carlos Monteiro de
Tonso, Aldo
Title in Portuguese
Influência de diferentes meios de cultura em cultivos de Streptococcus pneumoniae sorotipo 1 para produção de polissacarídeo capsular.
Keywords in Portuguese
Crianças
Cultura de células
Polissacarídeos
Reatores bioquímicos
Vacinas
Abstract in Portuguese
S. pneumoniae é um importante patógeno humano que afeta sobretudo crianças. Vacinas são a principal estratégia de combate e o polissacarídeo (PS) da cápsula é o antígeno. Dentre os sorotipos do patógeno, o tipo 1 é prevalente em crianças e o PS1 componente obrigatório das vacinas. Neste trabalho objetivou-se: estabelecer um método de dosagem do PS1, selecionar a melhor cepa produtora de PS1, avaliar 3 peptonas, investigar 4 componentes do meio de cultura em planejamento experimental (PE) em reator e propor um novo meio e estratégia de cultivo. A cepa ST595/01 foi selecionada e o Phytone (Phy) foi a peptona com maior produção de PS1, 298mg/L, medido por m-hidroxidifenil com sulfamato. O PE 24-1 com extrato de levedura (EL), Phy, Asn e Gln mostrou os maiores efeitos positivos do Phy para produção de biomassa (Cx) e PS1. EL foi positivo para Cx, Asn não apresentou efeitos e Gln menor efeito positivo para PS1. Assim, testou-se o novo meio com Phy 15g/L e EL 2g/L sob duas estratégias: a batelada alimentada superou a batelada simples em 2x para Cx e 2,5x para PS1.
Title in English
Influence of different culture media on Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 1 cultivations to produce capsular polysaccharide.
Keywords in English
Biochemical reactors
Cell culture
Children
Polysaccharides
Vaccines
Abstract in English
S. pneumoniae is an important human pathogen that affects mainly children. Vaccines are the main strategy to fight the disease and capsular polysaccharide (PS) is the antigen. Among pneumococcal serotypes, type 1 is prevalent in children. The aims of this work were: establish a method to measure PS1, screen strains for the best PS1 producer, evaluate 3 peptones, investigate the effects of 4 medium components by a design of experiment (DoE) and propose a new medium/strategy for cultivation. The strain ST595/01 was selected. Phytone (Phy) was the peptone with the highest PS1 production (298mg/L, measured by m-hydroxydiphenyl + sulfamate method). DoE 24-1 was carried out to assess the effects of yeast extract (YE), Phy, Asn and Gln. Phy showed the major positive effects for biomass (Cx) and PS1. YE demonstrated effects for Cx. Gln showed minor effect on PS1 production and Asn did not present effects. A new medium based on 15g/L Phy and 2g/L YE was evaluated by 2 strategies: fed-batch showed Cx production 2-fold higher and PS1 2.5-fold higher than simple batch.
 
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Publishing Date
2012-11-06
 
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