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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
https://doi.org/10.11606/T.87.2019.tde-12122018-111536
Document
Author
Full name
Alexandre Gonçalves de Rezende
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Jorge, Soraia Attie Calil (President)
Mendonça, Ronaldo Zucatelli
Monteiro, Daniella Cristina Ventini
Núñez, Eutimio Gustavo Fernández
Tonso, Aldo
Title in Portuguese
Obtenção de virus like particles (VLPs) de Mayaro usando diferentes sistemas de expressão.
Keywords in Portuguese
Pichia pastoris
Virus like particles (VLPs)
Baculovírus
vírus Mayaro
Abstract in Portuguese
Recentemente, vários arbovírus têm acometido a população de países emergentes ocasionando sérios problemas de saúde pública, como as doenças causadas pelos vírus da dengue, Chikungunya, Zika e febre amarela. Um vírus emergente e já circulante no Brasil, chamado Mayaro (MAYV), do mesmo gênero do Chikungunya (Alphavirus), possui potencial prejudicial semelhante a esses já estabelecidos. Seu vetor de transmissão é o mosquito do gênero Haemagogus, característico de regiões isoladas, principalmente florestas. Entretanto, estudos demonstraram que o Aedes aegypti é um competente vetor desse agente, o que possibilita sua disseminação em regiões urbanas. O presente trabalho avaliou a expressão das proteínas estruturais do vírus Mayaro (E1, E2, E3, C e 6K), utilizando dois sistemas de expressão distintos, um baseado na levedura Pichia pastoris, e outro derivado de Baculovírus (BEVS). Essa estratégia foi estabelecida para que a expressão dessas proteínas promova a formação de partículas semelhantes ao vírus (virus like particles), estruturas multiprotéicas que mimetizam a conformação de uma partícula viral podendo ser utilizada como um candidato vacinal. O trabalho evidenciou a correta obtenção de organismos recombinantes em ambos os sistemas, com a avaliação da expressão sendo feita com técnicas de dot blot, western blot e imunofluorescência indireta (IFI). Com o sistema baculovírus, foram avaliadas as linhagens Sf-9 e Hi-5, sendo evidenciada a expressão de proteínas do MAYV em ambas, utilizando MOI 10 e tempos pós-infecção de 96 e 72 h, respectivamente. A correta expressão das proteínas de MAYV também foi evidenciada com a levedura Pichia pastoris, com cultivo a 30 °C e tempo de análise 48 h após indução. A geração de VLPs foi avaliada em amostras de sobrenadantes de ambos os sistemasapós a concentração por ultracentrifugação em gradiente de iodixanol, e análise por microscopia eletrônica de transmissão, sendo observadas nos dois sistemas com tamanhos variando entre 30-60 nm. Os resultados desse projeto podem gerar ferramentas importantes no desenvolvimento de kits diagnósticos e métodos vacinais contra o MAYV.
Title in English
Obtaining Mayaro virus-like particles (VLPs) using different expression systems.
Keywords in English
Pichia pastoris
Baculovirus
Mayaro virus
Virus like particles (VLPs)
Abstract in English
Recently, several arboviruses have affected emerging countries causing serious public health problems, such as diseases caused by dengue viruses, Chikungunya, Zika and yellow fever. An emerging and already circulating virus in Brazil, called Mayaro (MAYV), of the same genus of Chikungunya (Alphavirus), has harmful potential similar to those already established. Its transmission vector is the mosquito of the genus Haemagogus, characteristic of isolated regions, mainly forests. However, studies have demonstrated that Aedes aegypti is a competent vector of this agent, which would allow its dissemination in urban areas. The present work evaluated the expression of the structural proteins of the Mayaro virus (E1, E2, E3, C and 6K) using two distinct expression systems, one based on the yeast Pichia pastoris and another derived from Baculovirus (BEVS). The strategy of expressing structural proteins has been established so that the expression of these proteins promotes the formation of viruslike particles or VLPs, multiprotein structures that mimic the conformation of a viral particle and can be used as a vaccine candidate. The work evidenced the correct obtaining of recombinant organisms in both systems, with the evaluation of the expression being done with dot blot, western blot and indirect immunofluorescence (IFI) techniques. With the baculovirus system, the Sf-9 and Hi-5 strains were evaluated, and the expression of the MAYV proteins was evidenced in both, using MOI 10 and the time of post-infection analysis of 96 and 72 h, respectively. Correct expression of MAYV proteins was also evidenced with yeast Pichia pastoris, with culture at 30 ° C and analysis time 48 h after induction. The generation of VLPs was evaluated in both supernatants after concentration by iodixanol gradient ultracentrifugation and transmission electron microscopy analysis, being observed in both systems with sizes ranging from 30-60 nm. The results of this project can generate important tools in the development of diagnostic kits and vaccine methods against the MAYV.
 
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Release Date
2020-12-11
Publishing Date
2019-01-03
 
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