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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.85.2009.tde-29082011-144757
Document
Author
Full name
Raquel Almeida Monteiro
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Yamaura, Mitiko (President)
Mierzwa, José Carlos
Pires, Maria Aparecida Faustino
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação do potencial de adsorção de U, Th, Pb, Zn e Ni pelas fibras de coco
Keywords in Portuguese
adsorção
coco
isotermas
Abstract in Portuguese
A biomassa residual proveniente de atividades agrícolas tem sido avaliada como biossorvente de metais e compostos orgânicos devido às propriedades adsortivas, ao baixo custo, abundância e ser uma fonte renovável. Neste trabalho apresenta-se a eficiência das fibras de coco como biossorvente na remoção de íons de U, Th, Pb, Zn e Ni de meio aquoso. A fibra de coco é um sub-produto do coco, uma fonte natural renovável. O estudo foi realizado por ensaio em batelada. Estudaram-se a influência do pH 1 a 8, a dosagem das fibras de coco e o tempo de equilíbrio. Verificou-se que a adsorção aumenta com o aumento do pH e da dose. Os modelos de Langmuir e Freundlich foram aplicados para descrever a isoterma de equilíbrio de adsorção. A cinética do processo foi analisada a partir dos modelos de pseudo- primeira e pseudo-segunda ordem. Calculou-se a energia livre de Gibbs. No intervalo de concentração de 100 mg.L-1 a 500 mg.L-1, o processo de adsorção foi melhor descrito pela equação de Langmuir para os íons Pb2+ e Zn2+ e Freundlich para os íons UO2 2+, Th4+ e Ni2+. A cinética foi melhor representada pelo modelo de pseudo-segunda ordem. O processo de biossorção para remoção dos íons das soluções foi considerado espontâneo. Os resultados são promissores indicando perspectivas de aplicação das fibras de coco como biossorvente de íons de U, Th, Pb, Zn e Ni em processos de tratamento de águas residuárias.
Title in English
Evaluation of potential of adsorption of U, Th, Pb, Zn and Ni by the coir pith
Keywords in English
adsorption
coconut
isotherm
Abstract in English
The residual biomass from agricultural activities has been evaluated as biosorbent for metals and organic composts from aqueous solutions, because of its adsorptive properties, low cost, abundance and to be a renewable resource. In this work, the efficiency of coir pith as biosorbent for the removal of U, Th, Pb, Zn e Ni ions from the aqueous solutions is presented. The coir pith is a by-product of the harvest of the coconut, a renewable natural source. The study was conducted by batch method. The influence of pH from 1 to 8, the dosage of the coir pith and the equilibrium time were studied. The adsorption of metal ions increased with the increase of pH and the dose. The Langmuir and Freundlich models were applied to describe the adsorption equilibrium isotherm. The kinetic process was studied using the pseudo-first order and pseudo-second order models. The Gibbs free energy was calculated. In the concentration range of 100 mg.L-1 500 mg.L-1, the adsorption process was described better by the Langmuir equation for Pb2+ and Zn2+ ions and the Freundlich equation for UO2 2+, Th4+ and Ni2+ ions, and represented by the pseudo-second order model. The biosorption process for removal of metal ions from the solutions was considered spontaneous. The results were promising, showing perspectives of application of coir pith as biosorbent of U, Th, Pb, Zn and Ni ions in wastewater treatment processes.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-08-31
 
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