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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.85.2018.tde-12092018-152418
Document
Author
Full name
Cristina Angioletto Pozenato
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Lugão, Ademar Benévolo (President)
Fechine, Guilhermino José Macêdo
Rajagopal, Krishnaswamy
Title in Portuguese
Efeitos da incorporação de nanotubos de carbono em elastômeros fluorados para auxílio em eventos de descompressão de CO2
Keywords in Portuguese
CO2
descompressão
elastômeros
nanotubos de carbono
Viton
Abstract in Portuguese
Diante da necessidade de produzir uma vedação com maior vida útil frente as condições de descompressão explosiva de CO2 incorporou-se quantidades diferentes de MWCNT (multiwalled carbono nanotubes) curtos e longos (0,25 phr e 1 phr) e com graus de funcionalidade de grupos oxigenados variando entre 0% e 7,5% em elastômeros fluorados. A incorporação foi realizada utilizando-se o processo de mistura em cilindro aberto (Copê) e as mantas de borracha obtidas foram termoprensadas e submetidas a doses de irradiação de 5, 10 e 20 kGy em ar atmosférico. Analisaram-se os nanocompósitos e os MWCNT por análises térmicas, difrações de raios-X e micrografias. A partir dos nanocompósitos também foram confeccionados corpos de prova para ensaios mecânicos, análises dinâmico-mecânicas, ensaios de dessorção. Os resultados indicaram em geral aumento dos módulos a 100% e secante a 15% nas amostras com adição de 1 phr, mas pouca mudança da temperatura de transição vítrea foi observada, indicando pouca alteração da mobilidade das cadeias. As micrografias apontaram algumas extremidades de MWCNT soltas da matriz polimérica após o processo de preparação da amostra. Os resultados apontaram melhora na dessorção dos nanocompósitos após a incorporação dos MWCNT.
Title in English
Incorporation effects of carbon nanotube in fluorinated elastomers for assistance in CO2 explosive decompression
Keywords in English
carbon nanotubes
CO2
decompression
elastomers
Viton
Abstract in English
Faced with the need to produce a gasket with longer useful life against the explosive decompression conditions of CO2, it was incorporated different amounts of short and long MWCNT (0.25 phr and 1 phr) and degrees of oxygenated groups functionality ranging between 0% and 7.5% in fluorinated elastomers. The incorporation was performed using the open mill with two rolls (COPE) and rubber blankets were obtained thermopressed and subjected to radiation doses of 5, 10 and 20 kGy in air atmosphere. Nanocomposites and MWCNT were analyzed by thermal analysis, X-ray diffraction and SEM micrographs. From the nanocomposites were also prepared specimens for mechanical testing, dynamic mechanical analysis, desorption tests. The results indicated, in generally, an increase of modules to 100% and secant to 15% in the samples with the addition of 1 phr, however little change in the glass transition temperature was observed, indicating little variation of mobility of the chains. The micrographs showed some free ends of MWCNT the polymer matrix after sample preparation process. The results pointed improvement on dessorpotion of nanocomposites after the incorporation of MWCNT.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-09-12
 
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