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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.85.2013.tde-09122013-141944
Document
Author
Full name
Thiago Martini Pereira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Zezell, Denise Maria (President)
Ana, Patricia Aparecida da
Baesso, Mauro Luciano
Gomes, Anderson Stevens Leonidas
Parise Junior, Orlando
Title in Portuguese
Análise das diferenças bioquímicas nos tecidos e lesões tireoidianas por imageamento espectral obtidos por espectroscopia no infravermelho (FTIR)
Keywords in Portuguese
bioquímica
caracterização
espectroscopia no IR
espectroscopia vibracional
tireoide
Abstract in Portuguese
A tireoide é uma das principais glândulas do nosso sistema endócrino e responsável pela produção dos hormônios Triodotirosina (T3) e Tetraiodotironina (T4) que são responsáveis pelo controle metabólico basal. A tireoide pode ser acometida por neoplasias benignas e malignas que pode levar a uma produção anormal de hormônios e levando a sérios problemas de saúde. O diagnóstico de algumas destas neoplasias por citologia ainda não possuem altas taxas de sensibilidade e especificidade para os casos com padrão folicular, portanto o desenvolvimento de novos métodos que se baseiam na analise de características bioquímicas dos tecidos tireoidianos se faz necessário. O presente trabalho caracterizou tecidos tireoidianos normais e com bócio nodular por meio da espectroscopia no infravermelho. As imagens espectrais foram adquiridas com alta resolução e aliadas a um grande processamento das mesmas utilizando métodos de estatística multivariada se obteve diferenças bioquímicas dos tecidos. Nos resultados obtidos no presente trabalho, a maior diferença observada está na região da amida I que está relacionada a estrutura secundária da tiroglobulina devido ao processo de incorporação de iodo. Outras observações que foram feitas são diferenças em glicosilaçao do tipo N. A partir dos resultados obtidos nesta tese conclui-se que a técnica de imageamento por microespectroscopia no infravermelho é capaz de observar diferenças bioquímicas importantes entre tecidos tireoidianos sadios e com bócio, apresentando grande potencial para o desenvolvimento no futuro de novas metodologias, baseadas em espectroscopia vibracional.
Title in English
Analysis of biochemical differences in normal and lesioned thyroid tissue by infrared spectral imaging (FTIR)
Keywords in English
biochemistry
caracterization
infrared spectroscopy
thyrroid
vibrational spectroscopy
Abstract in English
The thyroid is one of the major glands of endocrine system; it is responsible for the production triodothyronine(T3) and thyroxine (T4) hormones, which are responsible for metabolic basal control. The thyroid can be affected by benign and malignant lesions, that leads to increased hormone levels (hyperthyroidism) or reduce their production (hypothyroidism). This abnormal hormones production by the thyroid gland can lead to serious health problems. The present cytological diagnosis for these tumors do not present high level of sensitivity and specificity, thus the development of new methods based on the analysis of biochemical characteristics of the thyroid tissue is required. This study used the infrared spectroscopy to characterize normal thyroid tissue or tissue with nodular goiter. The spectral images were obtained with high resolution, and multivariate statistics analysis were used to observe biochemical tissues differences. The most remarkable difference observed was at the amide I region, which is related to the secondary structure of thyroglobulin, due to the process of incorporation of iodine. It was also observed differences in the N glycosylation. From the results of this study, it was possible conclude that the technique of infrared microspectroscopy and imaging is able to observe important biochemical differences between healthy thyroid tissue and goiter.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-01-14
 
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