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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.85.2007.tde-26062007-141525
Document
Author
Full name
Gislaine Zulli
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2006
Supervisor
Committee
Mathor, Monica Beatriz (President)
Lopez, Renata Fonseca Vianna
Lugão, Ademar Benévolo
Title in Portuguese
"Desenvolvimento de uma matriz polimérica para incorporação e liberação controlada de papaína"
Keywords in Portuguese
liberação controlada
matriz polimérica
papaína
Abstract in Portuguese
A papaína é uma enzima proteolítica extraída do látex das folhas e frutos do mamão verde adulto. Tem sido amplamente utilizada como agente debridante de escaras e cicatrizante de feridas. No entanto, apresenta baixa estabilidade, o que limita seu uso a formulações de manipulação extemporânea ou de curto prazo de validade. O objetivo deste trabalho foi incorporar a papaína em uma matriz polimérica de modo a obter um sistema de liberação controlada do fármaco. Polímeros de aplicação médica foram selecionados e inicialmente avaliados quanto à sua citotoxicidade. Os polímeros não-citotóxicos foram submetidos ao ensaio de irritação cutânea primária in vivo em animais, para avaliar sua capacidade de causar irritação na pele humana. Diversas membranas foram preparadas com os polímeros considerados adequados para aplicação biomédica para incorporação da papaína. As membranas preparadas com 2% de papaína foram selecionadas para serem submetidas ao ensaio de liberação com células de difusão de Franz. Parte dessas membranas foi irradiada com raios γ na dose de 25 kGy para esterilização do material. As membranas irradiadas e não-irradiadas foram testadas simultaneamente a fim de verificar se a radiação γ interferiria no perfil de liberação do fármaco. Os resultados do ensaio de liberação indicaram que o fármaco é liberado de maneira constante durante as 12 horas iniciais do experimento. A análise, por Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura, das membranas irradiadas revelou que as membranas formadas são bastante densas e que seus poros são pequenos.
Title in English
"Development of a polymeric matrix for incorporation and controlled release of papain"
Keywords in English
controlled release
papain
polymeric matrix
Abstract in English
Papain is a proteolytic enzyme extracted from the latex of green papaya leaves and fruits. It has been widely used as debridant for scars and wound healing agent. However, papain presents low stability, which limits its use to extemporaneous or short shelf life formulations. The purpose of this study was to entrap papain into a polymeric matrix in order to obtain a drug delivery system. Polymers of medical application were selected and firstly assessed for cytotoxicity. Non-cytotoxic polymers were evaluated for primary cutaneous irritation test in vivo in animals, in order to verify if they are able to cause irritation to human skin. Many membranes were prepared with the polymers considered suitable for biomedical application for papain entrapment. Membranes containing 2% papain were selected to be evaluated in the releasing test using Fanz diffusion cells. Some of these membranes were irradiated by γ rays with 25 kGy dose for material sterilization. Irradiated and non-irradiated membranes were simultaneously assessed in order to verify if γ radiation interferes on drug releasing profile. Results obtained from releasing test indicated the drug is released in a constant manner over 12 hours in the beginning of the experiment. Scanning Eletronic Microscopy analysis of the irradiated membranes revealed that membranes are very dense and its pores are small.
 
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GislaineZulli.pdf (2.02 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2007-09-04
 
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