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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.85.2016.tde-15092016-141054
Document
Author
Full name
Carolina dos Santos Moreno
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Rogero, José Roberto (President)
Cruz, Aurea Silveira
Galisteo Junior, Andrés Jimenez
Nascimento, Nanci do
Vieira, Daniel Perez
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação dos efeitos da radiação ionizante e do Resveratrol na cultura de células tumorais de pulmão
Keywords in Portuguese
carcinoma mucoepidermóide de pulmão
cultura celular
radiação ionizante
Resveratrol
Abstract in Portuguese
O carcinoma mucoepidermóide de pulmão, um tipo histológico que deriva das glândulas mucosas traqueobrônquicas, manifesta-se com sintomas obstrutivos e tende a comprometer a traqueia. Com finalidade curativa ou paliativa da doença, atualmente há uma forte tendência na oncologia em desenvolver estratégias terapêuticas que visam à administração de compostos com elevado potencial de otimizar o efeito do tratamento com a radiação ionizante, de modo a aumentar a morte de células tumorais e preservar íntegras as células dos tecidos sadios adjacentes. A intensa busca por tais estratégias evidenciou resultados promissores apresentados pelo composto denominado Resveratrol (3,4,5-trihidroxiestilbeno), tornando-o amplamente divulgado e alvo de intensas pesquisas. O principal objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar o efeito do resveratrol em cultura celular de carcinoma mucoepidermóide de pulmão exposta a diferentes doses de radiação ionizante. Para tal, os estudos de citotoxicidade utilizando o método de incorporação do vermelho neutro, e da determinação da dose letal 50 % (DL50) da radiação ionizante, foram realizados em cultura de células da linhagem NCI-H292 [H292] (ATCC® CRL-1848TM), CCIAL069. Com base nos resultados do IC50% (401,5 μM) e da DL50 (693 Gy) foram realizados o teste in vitro do micronúcleo e os ensaios para avaliar o efeito do resveratrol no ciclo celular, reparo da lesão no DNA e processo de lesão radioinduzida, necrose e apoptose celular. Os resultados evidenciaram que o resveratrol na concentração de 30 μM apresenta uma importante capacidade em promover danos às células NCI-H292 após 24 h da irradiação.
Title in English
Evaluation of ionizing radiation and resveratrol effects in lung cancer cell culture
Keywords in English
cell culture
ionizing radiation
mucoepidermoid lung carcinoma
Resveratrol
Abstract in English
Mucoepidermoid lung carcinoma is a histological type that derives from the tracheobronchial mucous glands. It is manifested by trachea symptoms. Curative or palliative purpose for the disease, nowadays presents a strong oncology tendency to develop therapeutic strategies aimed at the administration of high potential compounds to improve the ionizing radiation treatments, so as to increase the radiation effects on tumor cells while minimizing these effects to surrounding normal tissues. The intensive search for such strategies showed promising results by the compound called Resveratrol, making it widely available and subject of many studies. The main of this study was to determine in vitro resveratrol effect in mucoepidermoid lung carcinoma cells NCI-H292 [H292] (ATCC® CRL-1848TM), CCIAL069, exposed to ionizing radiation doses. For this purpose, there were performed in vitro cytotoxicity studies by neutral red uptake assay, as well as the lethal dose 50 % (LD50) of ionizing radiation. On the basis of the IC50% (401.5 μM) and LD50 (693 Gy) results, there were performed in vitro micronucleus test and other tests in order to evaluate the cell cycle, repair and injury processes, cellular apoptosis and necrosis inductions. The results showed that resveratrol in 30 μM concentrations showed an important capability to injury NCI-H292 cells after 24 h of irradiation.
 
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Publishing Date
2016-09-16
 
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