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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.81.2014.tde-27042015-104526
Document
Author
Full name
Luis Gomes de Lima
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Ricardo, Elio Carlos (President)
Menezes, Luis Carlos de
Silva, José Alves da
Title in Portuguese
A abstração como ponte entre a física e a literatura na construção de conceitos de mecânica quântica no ensino médio
Keywords in Portuguese
Abstração
Física e Literatura
Física Moderna e Contemporânea e Mecânica Quântica
Formação de Conceitos Físicos Pseudoconceitos
Abstract in Portuguese
A presente pesquisa assume os pressupostos de uma investigação qualitativa de linha dialética que consiste em avaliar como a literatura contribui para formação de conceitos abstratos de Física Moderna e Contemporânea, em especial, conceitos de Mecânica Quântica, para alunos do 3º ano do Ensino Médio. A maneira como os alunos agem em seu meio social é investigada com o apoio da pseudoconcreticidade de Karel Kosík, que nos permite investigar a forma como agem entre si e como aceitam as propostas de ensino oferecidas em sala de aula. A Literatura, a analogia, a leitura e outros recursos linguísticos são tratados a partir da revisão de pesquisas realizadas nesse início de século. A formação de conceitos da Física Moderna e da Mecânica Quântica é investigada com o apoio do referencial interacionista de Vygotsky, que nos possibilitou avaliar como a literatura, por meio da palavra, transforma-se em outra estrutura semiótica, que leva à abstração e generalização de conceitos físicos. As respostas dadas pelos alunos em questionário aberto permitiu-nos confirmar o papel da literatura como ferramenta de ensino de física, que leva à abstração e formação de conceitos abstratos da física moderna.
Title in English
The Abstraction as a bridge between physics and literature in the building concepts of quantum mechanics in high school
Keywords in English
Abstraction
Modern and Contemporary Physics and Quantum Mechanic
Physical Training Concepts
Physics and Literature
Pseudo Concepts
Abstract in English
This research, is a qualitative investigation in a dialectical line which aims to know how literature contributes to the formation of abstract concepts of Modern and Contemporary Physics, especially concepts of Quantum Mechanics for 3rd grade High School students. The way students act in their social environment is investigated through the support of pseudoconcreticity by Karel Kosík, which allows us to investigate how they act with each other and how they accept the teaching proposals offered in the classroom. Literature, analogy, reading and other language resources have been evaluated in current researches. The formation of physical concepts on Modern Physics and Quantum Mechanics are investigated, support by the interactionism of Vygotsky, which enabled us to investigate how the literature, by means of the word, becomes another semiotic structure, which leads to abstraction and generalization of physical concepts. The answers given by the students, in an open questionnaire, confirm the literature as a tool for physics education, especially abstract concepts of modern physics.
 
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Publishing Date
2015-04-29
 
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