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Master's Dissertation
DOI
https://doi.org/10.11606/D.81.2002.tde-23072021-142222
Document
Author
Full name
Ana Fukui
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2002
Supervisor
Committee
Pacca, Jesuina Lopes de Almeida (President)
Cafagne, Anildes
Oliveira, Marta Kohl de
Title in Portuguese
Átomo e corrente elétrica : imagens, imaginações e devaneios em sala de aula
Keywords in Portuguese
ÁTOMOS (ESTUDO E ENSINO)
ELETRODINÂMICA (ESTUDO E ENSINO)
ENSINO E APRENDIZAGEM
FÍSICA (ESTUDO E ENSINO)
Abstract in Portuguese
Realizou-se uma atividade de pesquisa centrada nos desenhos dos alunos de Ensino Médio sobre o átomo e a corrente elétrica. Para discutir estas representações, observou-se alguns elementos dos desenhos, tais como a forma do núcleo e a estrutura da eletrosfera. Além disto, a relação entre os dois, o átomo, e como este conceito é usado para explicar a corrente elétrica, também foi objeto de análise. A definição do referencial teórico permitiu contextualizar o significado destas elaborações na sala de aula tendo dois pontos de apoio: a análise racional, ou seja, mais consciente, e a análise poética, traduzida pela compreensão, identificada e diferenciada entre imagem e imaginação. O trabalho utilizou a proposta epistemológica de G. Bachelard que engloba os dois elementos descritos acima, mais especificamente, ao propor uma descrição de etapas da formação do espírito científico e a teoria dos quatro elementos (água, terra, fogo e ar) da imaginação
Title in English
Atom and electric current: images, imaginations and daydreams in the classroom
Keywords in English
ATOMS (STUDY AND TEACHING)
ELECTRODYNAMICS (STUDY AND TEACHING)
PHYSICS (STUDY AND TEACHING)
TEACHING AND LEARNING
Abstract in English
A research activity, centered upon the drawings of atoms and of electric currents made by pupils attending secondary school, was carried out. In order to discuss such depictions, some aspects of the drawings, such as the form of the nucleus and the electro sphere structure, have been examined. Further, the relationship between the atoms and the manner in which the concept thereof is used to explain the electric current, have also been subjected to an analysis. Definition of the theoretical referential has permitted placing the meaning of these elaborations into a context having two points of support: a rational analysis, meaning the more conscious one, and a poetical analysis, manifested by comprehension, identification and differentiation between an image and imagination. The work employed the epistemological proposition of G. Bachelard, which encompasses the two above-described elements, more specifically by proposing a description of development of the scientific spirit and the theory of the four elements of imagination: water, earth, fire and air.
 
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2002Fukui.pdf (77.71 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2021-08-31
 
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