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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.81.2010.tde-22022011-111935
Document
Author
Full name
José Eduardo Biasoto
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Carvalho, Anna Maria Pessoa de (President)
Abib, Maria Lucia Vital dos Santos
Vianna, Deise Miranda
Title in Portuguese
O pensamento em ação dos alunos na resolução de um problema experimental de física
Keywords in Portuguese
Alfabetização científica
Atividades experimentais
Enculturação científica
Laboratório aberto
Abstract in Portuguese
Na nossa pesquisa, procuramos analisar uma atividade didática experimental, na qual os alunos receberam alguns materiais e com eles, deveriam elaborar uma situação experimental e nela, verificar se existia ou não a conservação da quantidade de movimento do sistema. Para fazer esta verificação, os alunos tiveram que elaborar um procedimento para testar a hipótese da conservação da quantidade de movimento, fazer as medidas necessárias e chegar a uma conclusão. A nossa pesquisa procurou determinar se esta atividade proporciona aos alunos a oportunidade de penetrar no universo das ciências, ou seja, se ele leva à enculturação científica. Para tanto, buscamos indicadores, nas falas dos alunos, através das gravações das aulas, desta enculturação. Buscamos, também, indicadores de envolvimento com a atividade. Analisamos, além disso, a postura do professor, durante o experimento e na discussão em grupo. Esta pesquisa se insere no contexto da enculturação científica, baseada nos trabalhos de Gil Pérez, Carvalho, Jimenez, Driver e Lawson, adaptados a uma realidade vivida em muitas de nossas escolas, ou seja, uma quantidade muito grande de conteúdos a serem trabalhados, poucos recursos e principalmente pouco tempo.
Title in English
The Thinking In Action Of The Students In Resolution of a Physics' Experimental Problem
Keywords in English
Experimental activities
Open laboratory
Scientific enculturation
Scientific literacy
Abstract in English
In our research we have analyzed an experimental didactic activity in which the students received some materials for the elaboration of an experimental situation so that they should verify whether there was the conservation of linear momentum of a system. In order to have this verification, the students were supposed to elaborate the procedure to test the hypothesis of conservation of momentum, get the necessary measures and come to a conclusion. Our research has tried to determine if this activity offered the students an opportunity to enter the Science world, that is, if it took them into scientific enculturation. With this objective in mind, through the recording of our classes, we searched for indicators in the students' speeches that showed this enculturation. We also searched for indicators that showed commitment to the activity. Besides, we analyzed the teacher's posture not only during the experiment, but also during the group discussion. This research is set in a scientific enculturation context, based on Gil Pérez's, Carvalho's, Jimenez's, Driver's and Lawson's papers, and adapted to the reality of many of our schools which have a lot of content to deal with, few resources and mainly little time.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-03-28
 
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