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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.81.2009.tde-17092012-141621
Document
Author
Full name
Wellington Batista de Sousa
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Ricardo, Elio Carlos (President)
Pacca, Jesuina Lopes de Almeida
Rezende Junior, Mikael Frank
Title in Portuguese
Física das radiações: uma proposta para o Ensino Médio
Keywords in Portuguese
Atualização curricular
Física das radiações
Física moderna e contemporânea
Transposição didática
Abstract in Portuguese
A sociedade vem questionando os conteúdos presentes no currículo de ciências, quanto ao "por que" e "para que" ensiná-los. Isso ocorre também dentro do ambiente escolar. Atualmente, o ensino de ciências tem acontecido de maneira bastante desconexa da realidade de nossos alunos, afinal, este ensino não tem apresentado inovações ou trazido temas atualizados para as discussões que ocorrem no ambiente da sala de aula. Apresentamos neste trabalho uma proposta de atualização curricular do ensino de ciências através da inserção de tópicos de Física Moderna e Contemporânea, com base na proposta curricular inserida nos PCNEM e PCNEM+ para a disciplina de Física. Nossa proposta consiste em uma seqüência didática de um curso de Física das Radiações voltado ao Ensino Médio, onde se utilizam as noções de "marcadores" e "marcadores-estruturantes", desenvolvidas no contexto da teoria da Transposição Didática, para delinear as atividades que acreditamos serem essenciais para que esta nova seqüência de ensino seja exeqüível.
Title in English
Radiations physics: a proposal for the High School
Keywords in English
Curricular updating
Didactic transposition
Modern and contemporary physics
Radiations physics
Abstract in English
The society has questioned what should be taught in science learning, including both "why" and "what for" some subjects should be taught. This kind of discussion occurs also inside the educational environment. Presently the science teaching is not connected to the reality of the student, because teaching has not related to scientific innovations, no updated themes are discussed in the classroom. In this work the curricular updating is inserted through the inclusion of Modern and Contemporary Physics topics, as suggested in the PCNEM and PCNEM+. This proposal consists of a didactic sequence of a course on Radiations Physics appropriated to the high school teaching. The concept of "markers" and "structurating-markers" is discussed within the Didactic Transposition Theory. "Markers" are established through the proposed activities, which are supposed to be the essential ones to the learning sequence.
 
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Publishing Date
2012-09-26
 
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