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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.8.2018.tde-08102018-154826
Document
Author
Full name
Monica Soares Botelho Padilha
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Nascimento, Silvana de Souza (President)
Albieri, Sara
Garcia, Uirá Felippe
Magnani, Jose Guilherme Cantor
Neme, Eliana Franco
Title in Portuguese
O ativismo animal em São Paulo: Uma interpretação sócio-antropológica de sua prática e subjetividade
Keywords in Portuguese
Abolicionismo
Ativismo animal
Ideologia
Movimentos sociais
Abstract in Portuguese
Esta tese faz uma análise das lutas, práticas e subjetividades do ativismo animal no estado de São Paulo. Tem como hipótese a existência de várias identidades dentro do movimento, que emergem a partir de práticas e ideologias distintas, formando um grupo heterogêneo, mas visto como homogêneo pelos que estão de fora, e por estes chamados de protetores dos animais. Estes subgrupos são os teóricos, os bem-estaristas, os abolicionistas e as socorristas. A segunda hipótese estabelece que a somatória de todas essas práticas vai consolidando mudanças nas relações de exploração animal aqui denominadas de abolições parciais. A terceira e última hipótese assevera que estas conquistas parciais são equivocadamente identificadas como ações bem-estaristas segundo os seguidores do filósofo Gary Francione, mas deveriam ser denominadas de neo-abolicionistas. Por ter caráter interdisciplinar, a tese recorre às teorias sociológicas dos novos movimentos sociais e as teorias antropológicas sobre as novas relações entre animais humanos e não humanos ou interespécies, vista sob um viés metodológico de perto e de dentro próprio do seu caráter de pesquisa participante.
Title in English
Animal activism in São Paulo: a socio-anthropological interpretation of its practice and subjectivity
Keywords in English
Abolitionism
Animal activism
Ideology
Social movements
Abstract in English
This thesis analyzes the struggles, practices and subjectivities of animal activism in the state of São Paulo. It has as hypothesis the existence of several identities within the movement, which emerge from distinct practices and ideologies, forming a heterogeneous group, but seen as homogeneous by those who are outside, and by these so-called animal rescues. These subgroups are theorists, welfarists, abolitionists, and animal rescuers. The second hypothesis states that the sum of all these practices will consolidate changes in the relationships of animal exploitation here called partial abolitions. The third and final hypothesis asserts that these partial conquests are mistakenly identified as welfarists actions according to the followers of the philosopher Gary Francione, but should be termed neo-abolitionists. Because of its interdisciplinary nature, the thesis uses the sociological theories of the new social movements and the anthropological theories about the new relations between human and nonhuman animals or interspecies, seen under a methodological bias "of near and within" proper to its character of research participant.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-10-08
 
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