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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.8.2016.tde-09092016-125528
Document
Author
Full name
Pedro Daibert Machado Tavares
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Jubran, Safa Alferd Abou Chahla (President)
Meihy, Murilo Sebe Bon
Souza, Paulo Chagas de
Title in Portuguese
Entre o cânone e o vernáculo: um estudo de caso da diglossia no Líbano
Keywords in Portuguese
Diglossia
Língua árabe
Abstract in Portuguese
Ferguson descreveu, em 1959, o contexto sociolinguístico do mundo árabe como um quadro clássico de diglossia, onde duas variedades linguísticas geneticamente aparentadas convivem em distribuição complementar dentro de uma comunidade, sendo que uma destas variedades é tida como elevada, culta e proveniente de uma longa tradição gramatical, enquanto a outra é tida como baixa, impura e inapta para exprimir conceitos complexos. O objetivo desta dissertação é responder se ainda nos dias atuais podemos falar de uma variedade dialetal local e uma variedade pan-árabe culta, o Árabe Padrão Moderno (APM), como unidades linguísticas estanques, discretas, incomunicáveis e independentes. Para tal, analisa-se uma entrevista televisiva com o escritor libanês Amin Maalouf feita pela escritora e jornalista libanesa Karen Boustani. Dessa entrevista apreenderam-se trechos que continham traços linguísticos fonético-fonológicos, morfo-sintáticos e léxico-semânticos ora característicos da variedade local libanesa, ora do APM. Em posse desses resultados, pudemos constatar que o corpus constitui um exemplo de texto num registro linguístico intermediário, contendo traços tanto do dialeto libanês quanto do APM e que demonstra um campo de contato entre as variedades tidas como independentes e estanques por Ferguson.
Title in English
Between the canon and the vernacular: a case study of diglossia in Lebanon
Keywords in English
Arabic
Diglossia
Abstract in English
Ferguson described, in 1959, the sociolinguistic context of the Arabic world as a classical case of diglossia, where two genetically kindred linguistic varieties live alongside in complementary distribution within a language community, whereas one of these varieties is considered high, cultured and part of a long grammatical tradition, while the other is regarded as low, impure and unfit to express complex concepts. The aim of this work is to answer if we could yet today speak of a local dialectal variety and a cultured pan-Arabic variety, MSA, as separate, discrete, independent and incommunicable language units. To do so, we analyzed a television interview between the Lebanese writer Amin Maalouf and the Lebanese writer and journalist Karen Boustani. From this interview we apprehended excerpts containing phonetic-phonological, morpho-syntactic and lexical-semanticcharacteristic linguistic traits, both from Lebanese local variety and MSA. In possession of these results, we found that the corpus is an example of text in an intermediate linguistic register, containing traces of both the Lebanese dialect and MSA, demonstrating a contact field between varieties regarded as independent and incommunicable by Ferguson.
 
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Publishing Date
2016-09-09
 
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