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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.8.2009.tde-05112009-164232
Document
Author
Full name
Rosa Walda Abreu Marquart
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Nitrini, Sandra Margarida (President)
Faria, Zenia de
Passos, Cleusa Rios Pinheiro
Rodrigues, Antonio Medina
Simons, Marisa Atili Ennes
Title in Portuguese
O fiel e a pedra e as epopéias clássicas: diálogos e tessituras
Keywords in Portuguese
Bakthin
Dialogismo
Literatura
O fiel e a pedra
Osman Lins
Polifonia
Abstract in Portuguese
Em O fiel e a pedra, Osman Lins compõe seu romance sob a égide do romance regionalista brasileiro produzido por volta de 1930: latifúndio, exploração de classes, jagunços e coronéis e outros males. Todavia, mesmo ficcionalizando esses fatos sociais, o autor pernambucano se distancia de uma possível rotulagem normativa inconteste ao aliar seu romance às epopéias clássicas, bem como à poética sacro-hebraica e também às cantigas populares nacionais, encetando um grande diálogo entre seu romance e Ilíada, Odisséia, Geórgicas, Eneida, Os lusíadas, Sermão do Mandato, salmo bíblico e canções populares. Cruzam-se, desse modo, diferentes vozes poéticas advindas de variados espaços e trazidas de eras díspares entre si por considerável gama de citações em epígrafe, as quais, por si só, já despertam instigantes inquirições e expõem, mesmo que subliminarmente, o ideário do autor pernambucano. O dialogismo e a polifonia pressupostos por Bakhtin acham-se contemplados nesse portentoso intercâmbio de textos que tem o mérito de, dentre outros aspectos, nos auxiliar a melhor entender o romance osmaniano de 1961. Através das citações, percebemos a incorporação de conceitos epopéicos greco-romanos de caráter e destino sendo tomados de empréstimo à trajetória do protagonista nordestino, introduzindo na personagem o perfil heróico que a notabiliza.
Title in English
The faithful and the rock and classical epics: dialogues and forms
Keywords in English
Bakthin
Dialogism
Literature
O fiel e a pedra
Osman Lins
Polyphony
Abstract in English
In O fiel e a pedra, Osman Lins composes his novel under the aegis of the Brazilian regional romanticism produced around the 1930s: latifundium, class exploration, vigilantes, colonel farmers, and other wrongdoings. However, even if we fictionalize these social events, the Pernambucan writer keeps a distance from a possible unchallenging normative labeling by aligning his romance to classical epics as well as to the sacred-Hebrew poetry and national popular chants. With this, the author started a great dialogue between his romance and Iliad, Odyssey, Eneida, Lusiadas, Georgics, Sermão do Mandato, the Bible Psalms, and popular chants. Thus, different poetical voices from varied spaces are interwoven and brought from distinct ages by a considerable range of citations in epigraph. These citations themselves arise stimulating scrutiny and expose, even subliminally, the ideas of the Brazilian author. Bakthins dialogism and polyphony are contemplated in this vast textual interrelation which is able to help us understand the 1961s Osmanian romance. Through citations, we can notice the incorporation of Greek-Roman epic concepts of character and destiny being borrowed by the Brazilian Northeastern protagonist, introducing the historical profile in the character that distinguishes him.
 
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Publishing Date
2009-11-05
 
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