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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.8.2009.tde-03112009-161008
Document
Author
Full name
Marcia Romero Marçal
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Marco, Valeria De (President)
Arcuri, Silvia Inés Cárcamo de
Kirschbaum, Saul
Natali, Marcos Piason
Vidal, Ariovaldo José
Title in Portuguese
Jorge Semprún: forma precária e literatura de testemunho
Keywords in Portuguese
Dialética e fragmentação
Forma precária
Jorge Semprún
La escritura o la vida
Literatura de testemunho
Abstract in Portuguese
A tese dedica-se ao estudo de La escritura o la vida de Jorge Semprún. Examina como na obra o narrador, sobrevivente do campo de concentração de Buchenwald, desenvolve uma trajetória dialética para poder narrar sua experiência do campo: primeiro nega sua identidade de sobrevivente para, 47 anos depois, assumi-la na escrita como negatividade que põe em risco permanente sua vida como escritor testemunha da catástrofe. A história dessa superação provisória e permanente da negatividade do campo estrutura-se mediante a fragmentação textual e o diálogo. A contraposição da voz do narrador a vozes de outras personagens e a textos diversos indica que somente através da fragmentação discursiva ele pôde aproximarse do horror vivenciado no campo, pois ela se lhe apresenta como o único modo de exprimir a dialética entre a necessidade do diálogo do narrador com seu passado e a impossibilidade de com ele reconciliarse. A precariedade do sobrevivente objetiva-se na forma precária do romance, marca de singularidade desta obra de Semprún na literatura de testemunho.
Title in English
Jorge Semprun: precarious form and literature of testimony
Keywords in English
Dialetic and fragmentation
Jorge Semprún
La escritura o la vida
Literature of testimony
Precarious form
Abstract in English
The thesis devotes itself to the study of La escritura o la vida by Jorge Semprún. It examines how the narrator, a survivor from Buchenwalds concentration camp, develops in the work a dialectic trajectory in order to be able to narrate his experience at the camp: firstly denying his identity as a survivor for, 47 years later, assuming it in the writing as a negativity that puts a permanent risk on his life as a witness writer of the catastrophe. The history of this temporary and permanent overcoming of the negativity of the camp structures itself through textual fragmentation and dialogue. The contraposition of the narrators voice to the voices of other characters and to different texts points that it was only through discursive fragmentation that he could come closer to the horror experienced at the camp, since it presents itself to him as the only way to express the dialectics between the narrators necessity of dialogue with his past and the impossibility of reconciling himself with it. The survivors precariousness objectifies itself in the precarious form of the novel, a mark of uniqueness of this work by Semprún in the literature of testimony.
 
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Publishing Date
2009-11-03
 
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