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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.8.2012.tde-31082012-111628
Document
Author
Full name
Paulo Roberto Berkelmans
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Dornbusch, Claudia Sibylle (President)
Barros Junior, Antonio Walter Ribeiro de
Cornelsen, Elcio Loureiro
Fabris, Mariarosaria
Galle, Helmut Paul Erich
Title in Portuguese
A narrativa, a história e a morte em Vielleicht ist es sogar schön e Good bye, Lenin! Um diálogo entre a literatura e o cinema alemães
Keywords in Portuguese
Cinema alemão
História
Jakob Hein
Literatura alemã
Morte
Narrativa
Wolfgang Becker
Abstract in Portuguese
A história da Alemanha foi profundamente marcada por fatos como a queda do Muro de Berlim (1989) e a Reunificação do país (1990). Desde então, as representações artísticas não poderiam deixar de retratar esses acontecimentos e suas consequências. Entre elas, a literatura e o cinema alemães têm se ocupado em vários momentos de tais fatos históricos e das mudanças deles decorrentes. De todas as vertentes literárias e cinematográficas que se destacaram nestas últimas duas décadas, a memorialística, ou seja, a preocupação em resgatar e preservar a memória nacional e pessoal as lembranças coletivas e individuais, e também familiares tem se mostrado presente e significativa em suas produções. Relembrar o passado pode ser uma forma não apenas de analisá-lo e compreendê-lo melhor como também de manter vivas certas figuras (entes queridos) através das lembranças. A narrativa assume, portanto, um importante papel ao combater a morte e tudo o que ela representa: superando a perda, procurando evitar o esquecimento e ensinando a aceitar as transformações, a fim de realizar o trabalho do luto. As obras analisadas nesta tese se encaixam de algum modo na categoria acima e oferecem elementos históricos e narrativos que estabelecem um diálogo entre elas, tornando possível um estudo comparativo. Embora se trate de duas obras independentes: um livro de Jakob Hein Vielleicht ist es sogar schön (2004) e de um filme de Wolfgang Becker Good bye, Lenin! (2003) os quais não originaram um ao outro, é possível encontrar pontes (elementos comuns) que as aproximam. Deste modo, o objetivo desta tese é analisar a estrutura narrativa das obras, verificando o papel do narrador, as questões históricas e o tema da morte no livro e no filme. Para tanto, foram usados como fundamento teórico essencialmente os textos de Todorov, Genette, Bordwell, Bandeira, Freud.
Title in English
Narrative, history and death in Vielleicht ist es sogar schön and Good bye, Lenin! A dialogue between German literature and cinema
Keywords in English
Death
German cinema
German literature
History
Jakob Hein
Narrative
Wolfgang Becker
Abstract in English
The history of Germany was deeply marked by facts like the fall of the Berlin Wall (1989) and the Reunification of the country (1990). Since then, the depicting of these events and their consequences has not been left out by artistic representations. Among those, German literature and cinema, at various moments, have been concerned with such historical facts and the changes originated with them. Of all the literary and cinematographic trends which have stood out in the last two decades, the memorialistic one, i.e. the concern with retrieving and preserving both national and personal memory the collective and individual recollections, and family ones as well has been present and significant in its productions. Remembering the past may be a way to analyze and better understand it as well as keeping certain figures (beloved ones) alive through memories. Therefore, narrative takes a very important part in fighting death and everything it represents: overcoming loss, trying to avoid oblivion, and teaching how to accept changes, in order to fulfill the elaboration of mourning. The works analyzed in this thesis somehow fit the category above and provide historical and narrative elements which establish a dialogue between them, making a comparative study possible. Although these are two independent works: a book by Jakob Hein Vielleicht ist es sogar schön (2004) and a film by Wolfgang Becker Good bye, Lenin! (2003) which have not originated each other, it is possible to find bridges (common elements) which bring them close together. Thus, the objective of this thesis is to analyze the narrative structure of the works, studying the role of the narrator, the historical questions, and the theme of death in both the book and the film. To achieve that, texts by Todorov, Genette, Bordwell, Bandeira, Freud were used as theoretical basis.
 
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Publishing Date
2012-08-31
 
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