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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.8.2012.tde-13032013-120632
Document
Author
Full name
Rodrigo Campos de Paiva Castro
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Galle, Helmut Paul Erich (President)
Dornbusch, Claudia Sibylle
Pasta Junior, Jose Antonio
Sanseverino, Antônio Marcos Vieira
Volobuef, Karin
Title in Portuguese
Alencar e Kleist. Til e Toni: crise(s) da identidade na servidão e na escravidão modernas
Keywords in Portuguese
Heinrich von Kleist
José de Alencar
Literatura alemã
Literatura brasileira
Literatura comparada
Abstract in Portuguese
Nesta tese, o autor busca analisar os elementos comuns e divergentes havidos entre o romance Til, do escritor brasileiro José de Alencar, e a novela "Die Verlobung in Sto. Domingo" ("O Noivado em Sto. Domingo"), do escritor alemão Heinrich von Kleist, e por meio desse esforço comparativo identificar como se relacionam a formação do sujeito na periferia escravista do capital e a formação do sujeito em sua periferia servil. Conclui-se que, trilhando caminhos opostos, um marcado pela carência identitária outro pelo excesso identitário, Alencar e Kleist retratam subjetividades problemáticas que são uma o reflexo invertido da outra, e as duas, por sua vez, o retrato de uma modernidade em crise. Na primeira parte da tese, o autor procura embasar historicamente a comparação, buscando as raízes comuns entre as duas formações socioeconômicas supostamente estranhas entre si. Na segunda parte, destaca principalmente o que o romance brasileiro e a novela alemã guardam de semelhanças. Na terceira, o que as duas obras guardam de diferenças.
Title in English
Alencar and Kleist. Til and Toni: crisis of identity in the modern servitude and slavery
Keywords in English
Brazilian literature
Compared literature
German literature
Heinrich von Kleist
José de Alencar
Abstract in English
In this thesis, the author seeks to analyse both similar and deviating aspects which one will find to exist between the novel Til, from Brazilian writer José de Alencar, and the novella "Die Verlobung in Sto. Domingo" ("Betrothal in St. Domingo"), from German writer Heinrich von Kleist. Moreover this comparative study should identify what kind of relation two different models of subject constitution, one from the slave periphery of capitalism, the other from the serf periphery of capitalism, maintain with each other. It concludes by asserting that, having taken opposite paths, one characterized by a lack of identity, the other one by a surplus of identity, Alencar and Kleist portray problematic subjectivities which reflect one another inversely and both, when together, reveal a modernity driven to crisis. In the first part of this thesis, the author, as he searches for common roots to these two models of subject constitution that apparently bears little resemblance to each other, seeks to historically corroborate the comparison. In its second part, he highlights mainly what similarities the Brazilian novel and the German novella have to offer. In its third part, he discusses what sets them apart.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-03-13
 
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