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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.8.2014.tde-08052014-113756
Document
Author
Full name
Renato Caruso Vieira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Grolla, Elaine Bicudo (President)
Lopes, Ruth Elisabeth Vasconcellos
Negrão, Esmeralda Vailati
Title in Portuguese
Aquisição da proforma "ele mesmo" no português brasileiro
Keywords in Portuguese
Aquisição de linguagem
Ele mesmo
Processamento linguístico
Proforma reflexiva
Traços semântico-pragmáticos
Abstract in Portuguese
O presente estudo investiga a aquisição da expressão reflexiva 'ele mesmo' por crianças adquirindo Português Brasileiro como língua materna, considerando a influência que tal expressão sofre da alternância entre os traços semântico-pragmáticos de reflexividade [+ provável] e reflexividade [- provável] dos predicados em que se encontra. Dois experimentos foram conduzidos, um de produção e um de compreensão, para descobrirmos que, nem mesmo dentre as crianças mais velhas testadas por nós (5;7 - 6;6), o desempenho adulto com a proforma complexa foi verificado. A variação semântica dos predicados, tendo se mostrado apreendida já pelas crianças entre 3;6 - 4;6, foi descartada como agente causador dos erros cometidos pelos sujeitos, razão pela qual recorremos à explicação que responsabiliza, pelo domínio tardio da expressão, a sobrecarga computacional que as operações mentais relevantes à interpretação do 'ele mesmo' impõem sobre a limitada memória de trabalho infantil.
Title in English
Acquisition of the proform "ele mesmo" in Brazilian Portuguese
Keywords in English
Ele mesmo
Language acquisition
Linguistic processing
Reflexive proform
Semantic-pragmatic features
Abstract in English
The present study investigates the acquisition of the reflexive expression 'ele mesmo' by children acquiring Brazilian Portuguese as their mother language, considering the influence that such expression suffers from the variation between the semantic-pragmatic features of [+ probable] reflexivity and [- probable] reflexivity of the predicates in which it is included. Two experiments were conducted, one of production and another of comprehension, and we discovered that, not even among the oldest children tested (between 5;7 - 6;6 years of age), adult performance with the complex proform was achieved. The younger children tested (between 3;6 - 4;6 years of age) showed mastery of the semantic variation of the predicates. Therefore, the mistakes committed by the subjects cannot be explained by a lack of knowledge of these pragmatic features. In order to account for such non-adult behavior, we resorted to an explanation that blames the computational overload that the relevant mental operations to the interpretation of 'ele mesmo' impose over the limited working memory of the children.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-05-08
 
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