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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
https://doi.org/10.11606/T.8.2021.tde-22062021-195720
Document
Author
Full name
Mayra Coan Lago
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2021
Supervisor
Committee
Capelato, Maria Helena Rolim (President)
Beired, José Luis Bendicho
Ribeiro, Vanderlei Vazelesk
Salvadori, Maria Angela Borges
Title in Portuguese
Exmo. Sr. Getúlio Vargas, Mi Querido General Perón: imaginários populares no varguismo e no peronismo
Keywords in Portuguese
Cartas
Imaginários populares
Peronismo
Varguismo
Abstract in Portuguese
Durante o Estado Novo brasileiro (1937-1945) e o Primeiro Peronismo (1946-1955), os governantes Getúlio Vargas e Juan Domingo Perón receberam milhares de cartas de "pessoas comuns", nacionais e estrangeiros, de todas as partes do Brasil e da Argentina. As missivas foram lidas, encaminhadas a outros Ministérios pelos funcionários estatais para emitirem pareceres e respondidas pela Secretaria da Presidência da República, no caso brasileiro, e pela Secretaria de Assuntos Técnicos, posteriormente transformada em Ministério de Assuntos Técnicos, no caso argentino. Elas também foram amplamente utilizadas pela propaganda política, para produzir ou endossar as imagens de coesão e legitimidade aos governos, e pela censura, para mapear e reprimir os que foram identificados como ameaças e inimigos da pátria. Nosso objetivo é analisar e comparar a construção dos imaginários populares sobre a família e a pátria durante estes regimes utilizando como fontes principais estas cartas que foram enviadas aos governantes. O estudo destas missivas permite considerarmos que os governantes e as pessoas comuns construíram uma relação direta e pessoal, ainda que assimétrica e imperfeita, que foi sustentada e legitimada por ambas as partes. Apesar deste aspecto comum, os imaginários sociais sobre a família e a pátria foram interpretados, mobilizados e utilizados de maneiras distintas por homens e mulheres, nacionais e estrangeiros, para apresentarem suas percepções, aflições, aspirações, além de fazerem as suas reivindicações, o que revela as particularidades e as complexidades destas relações estabelecidas no Brasil e na Argentina.
Title in English
Exmo. Sr. Getúlio Vargas, Mi Querido General Perón: popular imaginary in varguism and peronism
Keywords in English
Letters
Peronism
Popular imaginary
Varguism
Abstract in English
During the Brazilian Estado Novo (1937-1945) and the First Peronism (1946-1955), the presidents Getúlio Vargas and Juan Domingo Perón received thousands of letters from "ordinary people", nationals and foreigners, from all parts of Brazil and Argentina. The missives were read, forwarded to other Ministries by state officials to issue opinions and answered by the Secretariat of the Presidency of the Republic, in the Brazilian case, and by the Secretariat for Technical Affairs, later transformed into the Ministry of Technical Affairs, in the Argentine case. They were also widely used by political propaganda, to produce or endorse the images of cohesion and legitimacy to governments, and by censorship, to map and suppress those who were identified as threats and enemies of the homeland. Our objective is to analyze and compare the construction of popular imaginary about the family and the homeland during these regimes using as main sources these letters sent to the governors. The study of these missives allows us to consider that the government and ordinary people have built a direct and personal relationship, even if asymmetrical and imperfect, which was sustained and legitimized by both parties. Despite this common aspect, social imagery about the family and the homeland was interpreted, mobilized and used in different ways by men and women, national and foreign, to present their perceptions, afflictions, aspirations, in addition to making their claims, which reveals the peculiarities and complexities of these relations in Brazil and Argentina.
 
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Publishing Date
2021-06-22
 
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