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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.8.2014.tde-07112014-113836
Document
Author
Full name
Jairo de Jesus Nascimento da Silva
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Dantes, Maria Amelia Mascarenhas (President)
Almeida, Ruy Guilherme Castro de
Ibañez, Nelson
Marques, Maria Cristina da Costa
Silva, Márcia Regina Barros da
Title in Portuguese
Em busca da cura: a institucionalização da medicina acadêmica em Belém e sua relação com outras práticas terapêuticas, entre 1889 e 1925
Keywords in Portuguese
Higiene
História da Medicina
Terapeutas Populares
Abstract in Portuguese
Este trabalho analisa o processo de institucionalização da medicina acadêmica em Belém, entre 1889 e 1925, envolvendo o período posterior ao processo de proclamação da república no Brasil e a formação da primeira turma da Faculdade de Medicina e Cirurgia do Pará. O objetivo principal deste trabalho é mostrar que a institucionalização da medicina acadêmica em Belém não ocorreu sem conflito. Estes emergiam do interior da própria classe médica e, também, relacionavam-se às disputas dos médicos acadêmicos com outros terapeutas (homeopatas, farmacêuticos, práticos de farmácia, curandeiros, espíritas, etc.), visando a conquista do monopólio da cura. Para a realização deste trabalho foram utilizados Relatórios, Falas e Mensagens de governo do estado do Pará, Relatórios da Junta de Higiene, do Serviço Sanitário, documentos da Sociedade Médico-Cirúrgica do Pará, da Faculdade de Medicina e Cirurgia do Pará, e periódicos diversos (jornais e revistas). Com base nesta documentação constatou-se que os médicos acadêmicos, para alcançar seus objetivos, recorreram a diversas estratégias, ocupando cargos na administração pública, defendendo suas ideias através da imprensa, criando instituições e combatendo seus concorrentes. Mesmo tendo criado suas instituições e fechado o cerco contra seus concorrentes, os médicos acadêmicos não conseguiram impedir a continuidade de outras práticas terapêuticas e precisariam percorrer outro caminho para, além de institucionalizar, legitimar suas práticas
Title in English
In search of healing: the institutionalization of academic medicine in Belem and its relationship with other therapeutic practices between 1889 and 1925
Keywords in English
Historygives medicine
Hygiene
Popular Therapists
Abstract in English
This thesis analyzes the process of institutionalization of academic medicine in Belem, between 1889 and 1925, involving the posterior process of the proclamation of the Republic in Brazil and the graduation of the first class of the College of Medicine and Surgery from Para State. The main objective of this work is show that the institutionalization of academic medicine in Belem city occurred with some conflicts. These conflicts emerged from the medical profession itself and also were related to academic disputes with other therapists (pharmacists, spiritualists, healers and so on) with the aim of gaining the monopoly of healing through academic medicine. This thesis was written by consulting reports, speeches and messages from the Government of Para State, reports from the Hygiene Committee, Health Service, documents of Medical-Surgical Society of Para and from the College of Medicine and Surgery from Para State and many journals (newspapers and magazines). Based on this documentation was found that the medical students used various strategies to achieve their goals, such as: occupying positions in public administration, defending their ideas through the press, creating institutions and combating their competitors. Even having created its institutions and tighten the net against their competitors, medical students were unable to prevent the practice of other methods of therapy and need to change the strategy in order to legalize and institutionalize their practices
 
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Publishing Date
2014-11-07
 
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