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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.8.2016.tde-10032016-143116
Document
Author
Full name
Francisco Bahia Lopes
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Heidemann, Heinz Dieter (President)
Boechat, Cássio Arruda
Sousa Neto, Manoel Fernandes de
Title in Portuguese
A violência como paisagem: uma leitura do Quadros da Natureza de Alexander von Humboldt
Keywords in Portuguese
Alexander von Humboldt
História do pensamento geográfico
Paisagem
Quadros da Natureza
Territorialização
Abstract in Portuguese
Em 1799, enquanto a Europa sacudia com as guerras napoleônicas, o naturalista prussiano Alexander von Humboldt e o botânico francês Aimé Bonpland embarcavam rumo à América do Sul para realizar uma expedição científica. Oficialmente, era a primeira vez que cientistas viajavam ao mundo colonial espanhol sem escolta militar. Durante a viagem, uma peste atinge a tripulação obrigando Humboldt a desembarcar em Cumaná, na Tierra Firme, área marginalizada pela colonização espanhola. Humboldt permaneceria na área (hoje território colombiano e venezuelano) até 1801; este trecho da viagem seria seu principal objeto de representação quando, em 1808, já de volta ao mundo metropolitano, publica o Quadros da Natureza. No prefácio, Humboldt dizia que a obra tinha a intenção de evocar, através da descrição paisagística, aquilo que vivenciou no mundo colonial; neste procedimento, porém, pintava a colônia como espetáculo natural regido pela harmonia do mundo; com o Quadros da Natureza, Humboldt aniquilava, na paisagem descrita, aquilo que unia a colônia à metrópole: a mais brutal violência.
Title in English
Violence as landscape: a reading of Alexander von Humboldt's Views of nature
Keywords in English
Alexander von Humboldt
History of Geography
Landscape
Territorialization
Views of nature
Abstract in English
In 1799, while Europe concussed by the Napoleonic wars, the Prussian naturalist Alexander von Humboldt and the French botanist Aimé Bonpland boarded to South America to perform a scientific expedition. Officially, was the first time that scientists travelled to the Spanish colonial world without military bodyguard. During the trip, a plague reaches the ship forcing the scientists to land in Cumana, in Tierra Firme, Spanish colonization's marginal area. Humboldt stays in Tierra Firme (now Colombian and Venezuelan territory) until 1801; this travel section would be his main representation object when, in 1808, having returned to the metropolitan world, publishes Views of Nature. In the preface, Humboldt said that the work was intended to evoke, through the landscape description, what he experienced in the colonial world; this procedure, however, painted the colony as natural spectacle governed by harmonic forces; with Views of Nature, Humboldt annihilated, in landscape description, what tied colony and metropolis: the most brutal violence.
 
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Publishing Date
2016-03-10
 
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