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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.8.2012.tde-06032013-093947
Document
Author
Full name
José de Sousa Sobrinho
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Oliveira, Ariovaldo Umbelino de (President)
Alves, Vicente Eudes Lemos
Heidemann, Heinz Dieter
Justo, Marcelo Gomes
Marques, Marta Inez Medeiros
Title in Portuguese
O camponês geraizeiro no Oeste da Bahia: as terras de uso comum e a propriedade capitalista da terra
Keywords in Portuguese
Camponeses geraizeiros
Conflito de terras
Oeste da Bahia
Reprodução socioterritorial
Terras de uso comum
Territorialização
Abstract in Portuguese
Desde o início da década 1970, o Oeste do Estado da Bahia destaca-se como a região de grande e intensa expansão das relações de produção capitalista. Essa expansão constitui-se de políticas estatais que favorecem ao capital, por meio de incentivos fiscais e implantação da infraestrutura exigida pelo agronegócio. Dentre as grandes mudanças provocadas por tais intervenções, destacam-se a degradação das riquezas naturais e a desterritorialização dos camponeses geraizeiros, que há muito tempo ocupam as terras de uso comum na condição de posseiros. Essas terras têm sido apropriadas pelo capital, o que provoca intensos conflitos com os camponeses. Nesta tese, são estudadas as comunidades do vale do rio Arrojado, no município de Correntina (Bahia). Pesquisou-se os processos sociais, concernentes à essa problemática, recorreu-se a trabalhos de campo e à teoria do desenvolvimento desigual e combinado, abordando não somente os processos concernentes à expulsão/expropriação dos camponeses, mas também a territorialização desses sujeitos sociais. Reporto-me, assim, às estratégias de produção e reprodução socioterritorial por eles engendradas, em uma situação conflituosa com as forças do capital e do Estado.
Title in English
Geraizeiro peasants in Western Bahia: common use lands and the capitalist property of the land
Keywords in English
Common use land
Geraizeiro peasants
Land conflict
Socio-territorial reproduction
Territorialization
Western Bahia
Abstract in English
Since the early 1970s, the West of Bahia stands out as a region of great and intense expansion of capitalist relations of production. This expansion is made up of state policies that favor capital through tax incentives and infrastructure implementation required by agribusiness. Among the major changes caused by such interventions, we highlight the degradation of natural resources and displacement of peasants geraizeiros peasants [traditional inhabitants of the sertão the backcountry regions of northeastern Brazilian states], which long ago occupied the lands in common use as non-title-holding residents for centuries. These lands have been appropriated by capital enterprises, which causes intense conflicts between farmers and peasant populations. In this thesis, the communities of the rio Arrojado valley, in the municipality of Correntina (Bahia), are analyzed. It was researched social processes, concerning this issue, we used the field work and the theory of combined and uneven development, addressing not only the processes concerning the expulsion/expropriation of peasants, but also the territorialization of these social subjects. I refer thus to the strategies of production and reproduction socio territorial they engendered, in a situation of conflict with the forces of capital enterprises and the state.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-03-06
 
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