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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.8.2013.tde-12092013-125849
Document
Author
Full name
Anderson Aparecido Lima da Silva
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Silva, Franklin Leopoldo e (President)
Fonseca, Márcio Alves da
Muchail, Salma Tannus
Title in Portuguese
Michel Foucault: o sujeito moderno em questão
Keywords in Portuguese
Antiguidade
Foucault
Modernidade
Sujeito
Abstract in Portuguese
Costuma-se avaliar o último movimento das pesquisas de Foucault como um suposto refúgio, um retorno aos gregos que traria consigo a marca de uma dupla recusa: à política e à modernidade. Prova disso seria o seu fechamento na análise acerca das práticas de si de uma época de ouro na qual este si divergiria radicalmente do sujeito moderno. Suplantado, assim, este polo referencial da modernidade, o relativismo pós-moderno daria a Foucault seu último nome. Na contramão dessa leitura, pretendemos desenvolver apontamentos (pautados sobretudo em trabalhos específicos dos anos de 1980) que possam apresentá-lo como um filósofo eminentemente moderno, que busca na abordagem genealógica ao invés de histórica dos Antigos a amplificação do campo de investigação de problemáticas presentes. Campo este em que as formações subjetivas terão papel privilegiado na recorrência que Foucault empreende a filosofias em que o si é tomado como um modo de vida ao qual conhecimento, ética, política e estética estão atados na constituição histórica dos sujeitos. Esse movimento, orientado por uma atitude crítica constante, traria consigo a potencialidade de redirecionamento do olhar à nossa modernidade e da experiência que poderíamos fazer de nós mesmos, sujeitos modernos.
Title in English
Michel Foucault: the modern subject in question
Keywords in English
Antiquity
Foucault
Modernity
Subject
Abstract in English
It is customary evaluate the last movement of Foucaults work as a supposed refuge, as a return to the Greeks, that would bring the mark of a double refusal: to the politics and to the modernity. Proof of this would be the enclosure of this movement into the analysis of the practices of the self of a golden age in which this self would differ radically from the modern subject. Supplanted thereby this referential polo of modernity, the postmodern relativism would give to Foucault his last name. Contrary to this interpretation, we intend to develop notes (which are guided especially by works that characterize the Michel Foucaults production in the 1980s) that may present him as a philosopher eminently modern, who seeks with a genealogical approach and not a historical one of the Ancients, the amplification of the investigation field of the present's problematic. It is a field where the subjective formations have a privileged role in his recurrence to philosophies in which the self is taken as a way of life to which knowledge, ethics, politics and aesthetics are tied in the historical constitution of the subject. This movement, guided by a constant critical attitude, would bring with itself the potentiality to redirect both the look to our modernity and the experience of ourselves, modern subjects.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-09-12
 
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