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Master's Dissertation
DOI
https://doi.org/10.11606/D.8.2021.tde-11022022-214539
Document
Author
Full name
Luiz Fernando Pereira de Aguiar
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2020
Supervisor
Committee
Oliveira, Carlos Eduardo de (President)
Estevao, Jose Carlos
Paiva, Gustavo Barreto Vilhena de
Silva Filho, Luiz Marcos da
Title in Portuguese
Sobre o ser e a essência nas Quaestiones in Metaphysicam de Sigério de Brabant
Keywords in Portuguese
Coisa(res)
Ente (ens)
Essência
Metafísica
Ser (esse)
Sigério de Brabant
Abstract in Portuguese
Na questão 7 da introdução das Quaestiones in Metaphysicam (edição Dunphy, 1981,manuscrito Munique, Clm 9559, fol. 93r-118v), Sigério de Brabant defende três tesescomplementares: a) o "sujeito" da Metafísica seria o "ente enquanto ente"; b) o serpertenceria à essência dos causados; c) os termos "ente" e "coisa" significam a mesmaessência e intenção diferindo no modo de significação correspondente a cada um dostermos: o termo "coisa" significaria a essência e a intenção a modo de hábito e o termo"ente" significaria a essência e a intenção a modo de ato. Nesta dissertação,explicitaremos as condições de possibilidade das teses defendidas por Sigério deBrabant, a partir de um comentário detido do texto em questão. Ademais, essecomentário será precedido por um balanço da bibliografia contemporânea sobre oproblema ressaltado. De modo geral, defendemos que os comentadores oferecem chavesde leitura relevantes para a leitura do texto, contudo eles não explicitam o modo comoSigério conseguiria defender sua posição e, por isso, fez-se mister um comentário maisdetido do texto.
Title in English
On esse and essentia in Siger of Brabant's Quaestiones in Metaphysicam
Keywords in English
Being (ens/esse)
Essence
Metaphysics
Siger of Brabant
Thing (res)
Abstract in English
In the question 7 of Quaestiones in Metaphysicam (Dunphy's edition, 1981, Munich'smanuscript, Clm 9559, fol. 93r-118v), Siger of Brabant sustains three complementarythesis: a) the "being as being" (ens inquantum ens / ens secundum quod est ens) is the"subject" of Metaphysics; b) The "being" (esse) belongs to the essence of caused beings(ens); c) the terms "being" (ens) and "thing" (res) signify the same essence andintention, differing about the mode of signification (modus significandi) thatcorresponds to each one of the terms: the term "thing" (res) signifying both essence andintention "by the mode of habit", and the term "being" (ens) signifying essence andintention "by the mode of act". In this dissertation, I intend to clarify the conditions ofpossibility of the thesis defended by Siger of Brabant proceeding a careful commentaryof question 7, preceded by the due exposition of the relevant contemporary bibliographyconcerning the highlighted problem. In general, I argue that the commentators providerelevant readings of the text even though they do not clarify the way by which Sigerwould be able to defend his position providing, consequently, an opportunity to a closerreading of the text.
 
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Publishing Date
2022-02-11
 
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