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Master's Dissertation
Full name
Thiago Dias da Silva
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
São Paulo, 2013
Chaui, Marilena de Souza (President)
Silva, Adriano Correia
Souza, Maria das Gracas de
Title in Portuguese
Mal, modernidade e pensamento em Hannah Arendt: Sócrates e Eichmann em perspectiva
Keywords in Portuguese
Abstract in Portuguese
Este trabalho pretende discutir alguns elementos presentes nas figuras de Sócrates e Adolf Eichmann tal como descritos por Hannah Arendt. A aparentemente indecorosa aproximação ganha sentido por meio da noção arendtiana de pensamento, que encontra em Sócrates seu modelo e cuja falta caracteriza Eichmann. Para tanto, reconstruímos a crítica arendtiana à modernidade por meio da ideia de alienação do mundo, que acompanha a modernidade desde seu nascimento passando pelo período do imperialismo e culminando na sociedade de massas, da qual Eichmann pode ser tomado como exemplo concreto. Em contraposição, discutimos Sócrates como exemplo de pensador ainda não marcado pela hostilidade que, segundo Arendt, nossa tradição filosófica estabeleceu contra a política. Por fim, discute-se a inacabada teoria arendtiana do juízo, atividade intimamente relacionada ao pensamento e que certamente permitiria a Eichmann uma resposta mais consistente à pergunta: por que não entrar para a SS?
Title in English
Evil, modernity and thinking in Hannah Arendt: Socrates and Eichmann in perspective
Keywords in English
Abstract in English
This work intends to discuss some of the elements concerning Socrates and Adolf Eichmann as described by Hannah Arendt. The apparently inappropriate rapprochement reveals its sense through Arendts idea of thinking, to which Socrates provides a model and the lack of which marks Eichmann. In order to let our point clear, we reconstruct Arendts criticism against modernity focusing on the idea of world alienation, present in modernity since its beginning, through the whole period of imperialism and reaching its peak in modern mass societies, of which Eichmann can be seen as a concrete model. On the other hand, we discuss Socrates as an example of thinker whose activity is still free from the hostility that, according to Arendt, our tradition of political philosophy established against politics. At last, we discuss the Arendts unfinished theory of judgment, activity closely related to thinking and that certainly would provide Eichmann a more consistent answer to the question: Why not join the SS?
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