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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.8.2018.tde-04092018-095517
Document
Author
Full name
Fábio Luiz de Almeida Mesquita
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Brandão, Eduardo (President)
Cacciola, Maria Lucia Mello e Oliveira
Duarte, José Thomaz Almeida Brum
Gulmini, Lilian Cristina
Ramos, Flamarion Caldeira
Title in Portuguese
Schopenhauer e a Índia: apropriações e influências da Asiatisches Magazin, Mythologie des lndous e Asiatick Researches no período de gênese da filosofia schopenhaueriana
Keywords in Portuguese
Budismo
Hinduísmo
Índia
Oriente
Schopenhauer
Abstract in Portuguese
Este estudo analisa a presença, apropriação e influência da Índia no período de gênese da filosofia de Schopenhauer (1811-1818). De modo a sustentar tal tese, este trabalho buscou conjurar rigor histórico e filosófico. Os materiais históricos analisados são três obras consultadas pelo filósofo e que foram tomadas de empréstimo nas bibliotecas de Weimar e de Dresden, entre os anos de 1813 a 1816: Asiatisches Magazin (dois volumes), Mythologie des Indous (dois volumes) e Asiatick Researches (os nove primeiros volumes). Nelas estão presentes conceitos indianos importantes para Schopenhauer, por exemplo: Māyā, Brahman, Ātman, Brahmā, Viṣṇu, Śiva, liṅgaṃ, saṁnyāsins, Buddha, Tat tvam asi, metempsicose, nirvāṇa, dentre outros. Conceitos igualmente presentes nos Manuscritos schopenhauerianos, assim como em sua obra capital, O mundo como vontade e representação, publicada em 1818. O objetivo é demonstrar que a "Índia schopenhaueriana" se fez a partir de contribuições para além da obra Oupnek'hat (Upani?ads). De fato, como se buscou evidenciar, as três obras aqui analisadas foram fundamentais para o entendimento adquirido pelo filósofo acerca do hinduísmo e budismo.
Title in English
Schopenhauer and India: appropriations and influences of Asiatisches Magazin, Mythologie des Indous e Asiatick Researches in the period of genesis of Schopenhauers philosophy
Keywords in English
Buddhism
East
Hinduism
India
Schopenhauer
Abstract in English
This study analyzes the presence, appropriation and influence of India in the period of genesis of the Schopenhauer's philosophy (1811-1818). In order to sustain such a thesis, this work tries to develop a rigorous analyzis, both philosophic and historic. The historical materials analyzed here are three works consulted by the philosopher and borrowed from the libraries of Weimar and Dresden between 1813 and 1816: Asiatisches Magazin (two volumes), Mythologie des Indous (two volumes) and Asiatick Researches (the first nine volumes). In them it can be found important Indian concepts to Schopenhauer, such as Māyā, Brahman, Ātman, Brahmā, Viṣṇu, Śiva, liṅgaṃ, saṁnyāsins, Buddha, Tat tvam asi, metempsicose, nirvāṇa, among others. Concepts that are present in the Schopenhauerian Manuscripts, as well as in his capital work, The World as Will and Representation, published in 1818. My goal is to demonstrate that the "Schopenhauerian India" was built upon contributions that transcendend those he obtained from the Oupnek'hat (Upani?ads). Indeed, as I will try to prove, these three works on India were fundamental to the understanding acquired by the philosopher about Hinduism and Buddhism.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-09-04
 
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