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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.8.2010.tde-27042010-113411
Document
Author
Full name
Davisson Charles Cangussu de Souza
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Martins, Heloisa Helena Teixeira de Souza (President)
Boito Junior, Armando
Braga Neto, Ruy Gomes
Galvão, Andréia
Guimaraes, Nadya Araujo
Title in Portuguese
Sindicalismo e desempregados no Brasil e na Argentina de 1990 a 2002: unidade e fratura entre o exército de operários ativo e de reserva
Keywords in Portuguese
Desempregados - Brasil / Argentina
Sindicalismo - Brasil / Argentina
Sindicato
Trabalhadores
Abstract in Portuguese
Esta tese trata da relação entre o sindicalismo e os desempregados no Brasil e na Argentina no período de 1990 a 2002. Foram consideradas na análise as duas centrais sindicais mais importantes de cada país: a Central Única dos Trabalhadores (CUT) e a Força Sindical (FS), no caso brasileiro; a Confederación General del Trabajo (CGT) e a Central de los Trabajadores de la Argentina (CTA), no caso argentino. A pesquisa de campo foi realizada com base em documentos de fonte primária e 48 entrevistas com sindicalistas e militantes de organizações de desempregados dos dois países. O marco teórico adotado foi baseado fundamentalmente na teoria da superpopulação relativa criada por Engels e desenvolvida por Marx. Ademais, foram incorporadas as contribuições de autores contemporâneos da sociologia francesa, com a qual se discutiu a noção de construção social do desemprego e os limites da mobilização dos desempregados. Por último, a partir de Gramsci e da História Social britânica foram fundamentados os conceitos de experiências e tradições de luta. O argumento central da tese é de que a relação entre o sindicalismo e os desempregados deve ser compreendida como parte do processo de construção de unidade e fratura entre o exército de operários ativo e de reserva, presente na formação histórico-cultural da classe trabalhadora. A partir das referências teóricas mencionadas, foram comparadas as ações e representações das centrais pesquisadas nos dois países com relação aos desempregados, relacionando-as à correlação de forças, à estrutura sindical, aos interesses da base e da cúpula, à posição adotada diante do neoliberalismo, e às experiências e tradições de luta da classe trabalhadora.
Title in English
Trade unionism and unemployed workers in Brazil and in Argentina from 1990 to 2002: unity construction process and fracture between the active army of labour and the reserve army of labour
Keywords in English
Labor union
Unemployed workers - Brazil / Argentina
Unionism - Brazil / Argentina
Work-people
Abstract in English
This thesis deals with the relationship between the trade unionism and the unemployed workers in Brazil and in Argentina in the period between 1990 and 2002. It was considered in the analysis the two most important unions of each country: the Central Única dos Trabalhadores (CUT) and Força Sindical (FS), in the Brazilian case; the Confederación General del Trabajo (CGT) and the Central de los Trabajadores de la Argentina (CTA), in the Argentinean case. The research was based in primary source documents and 48 interviews with trade unionists and militants of unemployed organizations of the two countries. The adopted theoretical mark was based fundamentally in the theory of the relative overpopulation created by Engels and developed by Marx. Besides, contemporary contributions of the French Sociology were incorporated, with which was discussed the notion of social construction of the unemployment and the limits of the unemployed mobilization. Last, the concepts of experiences and fight traditions were based in Gramsci and the British Social History. The central argument of the thesis is that the relationship between the trade unionism and the unemployed workers should be understood as part of the unity construction process and fracture between the active army of labour and the reserve army of labour, present in the historical-cultural making of the working class. From the mentioned theoretical references, this thesis searches to compare the actions and representations of the researched unions in the two countries concerning to the unemployed workers, relating them to the correlation forces, the unionism structure, the cupola and the base interests, the adopted position in relation to the neoliberalism, and the experiences and fight traditions of the working class.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-04-30
 
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