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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.8.2011.tde-23042012-120515
Document
Author
Full name
Marta Mourão Kanashiro
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Alvarez, Marcos Cesar (President)
Augusto, Maria Helena Oliva
Castelfranchi, Juri
Serra, Carlos Henrique Aguiar
Souza, Luis Antonio Francisco de
Title in Portuguese
Biometria no Brasil e o registro de identidade civil: novos rumos para a identificação
Keywords in Portuguese
Biometria
Identificação
Poder
Sociedades de controle
Abstract in Portuguese
O tema geral desta pesquisa são as tecnologias que permitem o controle de acesso, vigilância, monitoramento e identificação de pessoas, e que se aliam a construção de bancos de dados e perfis sobre a população. Neste amplo universo, a tecnologia biométrica para identificação foi focalizada a partir de um estudo de caso sobre o novo documento biométrico de identidade brasileiro: o Registro de Identidade Civil. Retomando o conceito de dispositivo em Michel Foucault, buscou-se trazer a tona os discursos, as instituições, as leis, o debate legal, as medidas, decisões, e enunciados científicos que configuram o funcionamento do poder na atualidade. No âmbito das ciências, a biometria hoje distancia-se da antropometria e das formas de identificação do século XIX, vinculando-se a um exercício do poder que não é mais aquele para disciplinar os corpos (Michel Foucault), mas para gerir os fluxos de dados, um corpo de dados. As novas tecnologias focalizadas apontam para um exercício do poder mais próximo do que Gilles Deleuze chamou de sociedades de controle.
Title in English
Biometrics in Brazil and the civil identity register: new directions to identify
Keywords in English
Biometrics
identification
Power
societies of control
Abstract in English
This research focus on technologies that are enabled to access control, surveillance, monitoring and identification of persons, connected with databases and profiles construction on the population. In this vast universe, the biometric technology for identification has been focused from a case study on the new biometric identity document Brazil: the Civil Identity Register. Based on the Foucaults concept of apparatus, this reasearch aimed to bring out the discourses, institutions, laws, the legal debate, measures, decisions, and scientific statements that configure the operation of power today. Within the sciences, biometrics today area distanced itself from anthropometry and forms of identification of the nineteenth century. This is related with an exercise of power that is no longer that to discipline their bodies (Michel Foucault), but to manage the data flows, or a "body of data. New technologies are related with an exercise of power closer to what Gilles Deleuze called societies of control.
 
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Publishing Date
2012-04-23
 
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