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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.8.2010.tde-20102010-110725
Document
Author
Full name
Feliciano de Sá Guimarães
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Oliveira, Amâncio Jorge Silva Nunes de (President)
Badin, Michelle Ratton Sanchez
Lins, Maria Antonieta Del Tedesco
Onuki, Janina
Ricci, Paolo
Title in Portuguese
A autonomia burocrática das organizações financeiras internacionais: um estudo comparado entre o Banco Mundial e o Fundo Monetário Internacional
Keywords in Portuguese
Autonomia burocrática
Banco Mundial
Burocracias
Fundo Monetário Internacional
Organizações financeiras internacionais
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo geral deste trabalho é compreender as razões da autonomia burocrática das organizações financeiras internacionais. O objetivo específico é entender porque o Banco Mundial alcançou um grau maior de autonomia do que o Fundo Monetário Internacional a despeito de possuírem estruturas de governança parecidas e terem sido criados no mesmo contexto histórico. Acreditamos que as razões desta diferença residem na burocracia com expertise mais diversificada do Banco Mundial em contraste a burocracia com expertise mais rígida do FMI. Uma burocracia mais diversificada aumenta as possibilidades de formação de coalizões com ONGs em torno de policies de interesse da burocracia. Estas coalizões aumentam os custos de intervenção dos Estados para alterar ou barrar as policies defendidas pelo corpo burocrático. Assim, nossa hipótese é a seguinte: quanto maior a diversidade de expertise da burocracia internacional maior será a possibilidade de formação de coalizões com ONGs em torno de policies de seu interesse e, conseqüentemente, maior será sua autonomia burocrática. Do ponto de vista teórico utilizamos a teoria agente-principal para discutir burocracias internacionais. Do ponto de vista metodológico utilizamos o método comparativo com base em instrumentos qualitativos de análise e estatística descritiva.
Title in English
The bureaucratic autonomy of internacional financial organizations: a comparative study between World Bank and Internacional Monetary Fund
Keywords in English
Bureaucracies
Bureaucratic autonomy
International Financial Organizations
International Monetary Fund
World Bank
Abstract in English
The main goal of this dissertation is to understand the building of bureaucratic autonomy among international financial organizations. The specific goal is to understand why the World Bank has reached more bureaucratic autonomy than the International Monetary Fund regardless the fact that both have similar institutional structures. We believe that the reason for such difference is a more diverse expertise of the World Bank compared to the IMF. We claim that a more diverse bureaucracy increases the likelihood of coalition formation with NGOs. Such coalitions aim to support policies that are important for both the bureaucracy and the NGOs. Consequently, they increase the costs for both State intervention and State control over the organization. The higher costs of intervention and control allow bureaucrats to act more freely according to their interests. Hence, our hypothesis is the following: the more diverse the bureaucratic expertise, the more likely is the formation of coalitions between bureaucracy and NGOs, and the greater the costs for State control and intervention. Higher intervention and control costs, in turn, increase bureaucratic autonomy. We use mainly qualitative research methods with some descriptive statistics.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-09-19
 
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